On April 20, 2023, the European Parliament announced that it had formally endorsed the draft Regulation on information accompanying transfers of funds and crypto assets (referred to here as the EU Travel Rule Regulation). The draft Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) Regulation has also been adopted.
The existing EU Wire Transfer Regulation (EU WTR) requires EU Payment Service Provider to ensure that information on the payer and the payee accompanies a transfer of funds. The funds can be in any currency, and comprise banknotes and coins, scriptural money and electronic money.
The EU Travel Rule Regulation will extend the requirements to crypto assets and crypto-asset services providers (CASPs), (both as defined under the draft MiCA Regulation) with information on the originator and the beneficiary being required to accompany any transfers in crypto assets, regardless of whether they are domestic or cross-border. The requirements will not apply to person-to-person transfers of crypto assets where a CASP is not involved, or when both the originator and the beneficiary are providers of crypto-asset transfers acting on their own behalf.
The EU Travel Rule Regulation must still be published in the Official Journal of the European Union before it comes into effect. This is likely to be around July this year. At that time, the EU Travel Rule Regulation will repeal the EU WTR, however, the existing requirements on information accompanying transfers of funds will carry over to the new Regulation. The EU Travel Rule Regulation will apply from the same date that the MiCA Regulation applies, which is expected to be January 2025.