On 12 October 2017, the EU’s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, released a press statement following the fifth round of Brexit negotiations. He noted that Theresa May’s Florence speech has given the negotiations "much needed momentum". However, he also said "we worked constructively this week. We clarified some points, but without making any great steps forward."

Regarding citizen’s rights, Mr Barnier noted two common objectives: "That the Withdrawal Agreement has direct effect, which is essential to guarantee the rights of all citizens in the long-term [and] that the interpretation of these rights is fully consistent in the European Union and in the United Kingdom." The parties are still working on the specific instruments and mechanisms needed for this, which includes discussions about the role of the European Court of Justice.

Mr Barnier noted that "divergences still exist on the possibility of family reunification and on the exportation of social benefits after Brexit." These issues would affect EU citizens living in the UK who want to bring, for example their parents, to join them and also workers who wish to move between countries whilst retaining their accrued rights to benefits.

He also said "the UK has informed us of its intention to put in place a simplified procedure which allows citizens to assert their rights. We will study attentively the practical details of this procedure, which should really be simple for citizens."

The UK and EU are also at a "deadlock" over the question of the UK’s financial contribution. The Prime Minister confirmed in her Florence speech that the UK will honour its financial commitments by continuing to pay into the EU budget until 2020. However no actual figures have been proposed.

Meanwhile a Home Office update on 13 October 2017 stated that "we are closer to agreeing all elements of the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and the reciprocal rights of UK citizens living in the EU – but there is more discussion required. On key issues, such as the broad framework of residence rights for EU citizens and their family members, social security entitlements and reciprocal healthcare, the UK and EU have largely reached agreement. On remaining areas, both the UK and EU are focussing on providing certainty for citizens as quickly as possible. Discussions this week have narrowed the focus to the key remaining issues for negotiations."

However you spin it, it is clear there is still plenty of detail to discuss.