The U.S. Supreme Court recently denied certiorari in Iskanian v. CLS Transp. Los Angeles, LLC, 59 Cal. 4th 348 (2014), cert. denied  (No. 14-341, Jan. 20, 2015), which was discussed in our August 2014 issue. Accordingly, the California Supreme Court's two main holdings in that case stand: The Federal Arbitration Act ("FAA")  does  not  preempt  California's  public  policy  prohibiting  waivers  in  employment  contracts  of representative actions brought under the Labor Code Private Attorney General Act of 2004 ("PAGA"), Cal. Labor Code § 2698 et seq. On the other hand, in private class actions, "a class waiver is not invalid even if an individual  proceeding  would  be  an  ineffective  means  to  prosecute  certain  claims  .  .  .  because  class proceedings interfere with fundamental attributes of arbitration."