West Africa Ebola Outbreak

On September 10th, the United Nations (U.N.) World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the 
number of Ebola cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) had doubled over the past week to 
total 62 cases. Thirty-five of the patients infected with Ebola have died, including seven health care 
workers. The Ebola outbreak in the DRC is separate from the worsening Ebola crisis in West Africa. All 
of the cases in the DRC are localized in Jeera country and can all be traced to one initial case that was 
reported on August 26
th
. The new statistics for the Ebola outbreak in the DRC were posted here. 
On September 11
th
, Liberian Finance Minister Amara Konneh held a press conference on the impacts of 
the Ebola outbreak in Liberia, warning that the country is at war with an enemy that it cannot see. 
Minister Konneh’s remarks echo those delivered last week by Liberian Defense Minister Brownie 
Samukai, who cautioned that the Ebola crisis poses a serious threat to Liberia’s national existence. Both 
ministers reported that the epidemic has disrupted the country’s ability to function normally and put 
further strains on Liberia’s already weak health care infrastructure. Excerpts from both press 
conferences were highlighted here. 
On September 11
th
, U.N. Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Herve Ladsous arrived 
in Monrovia, Liberia, to assess how the U.N. Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) can further support the fight 
against Ebola. As part of his visit to Liberia, Under-Secretary-General Ladsous met with President Ellen 
Johnson Sirleaf and other government ministers. While emphasizing that UNMIL is not a public health 
organization, Under-Secretary-General Ladsous stressed the U.N.’s commitment to helping Liberia move 
beyond the current crisis. Information on Under-Secretary-General Ladsous’ visit to Liberia was shared 
here. 
On September 11
th
, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) warned that the ongoing Ebola crisis is 
impacting the economies of the West African countries affected by the spread of the virus. While, 
economic growth in Guinea is expected to fall by just one percentage point, Sierra Leone and Liberia could be much worse because the largest sectors of their economies have been hit most. In Sierra 
Leone, economic growth is expected to fall from 11.3 percent to 8 percent, while Liberia’s economic 
growth is estimated to fall from 5.9 percent to 2.5 percent. The IMF’s economic projections were detailed 
here. 
On September 11
th
, Chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on African Affairs 
Chris Coons (D-DE) delivered a speech on the Senate floor calling on the Obama Administration to scale 
up its response efforts to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. In particular, Senator Coons called on the 
U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) to build more field hospitals and provide logistics support and for the 
White House and to appoint an interagency coordinator for response efforts. He also called for more 
airlifts of supplies from private donors and an increase in donations to NGOs. Senator Coons’ speech 
can be seen here. 
On September 12
th
, Nigerian authorities announced that a South African woman arriving in Lagos from 
Morocco who had been quarantined after showing Ebola-like symptoms tested negative for the disease 
and will be allowed to return home. The woman was tested for Ebola after working in Guinea and Sierra 
Leone since April. The full story is available here. 
On September 12
th
, WHO Director-General Dr. Margaret Chan held a press conference with Cuban 
Minister of Public Health Roberto Morales Ojeda to announce Cuba’s plans to send 165 health care 
workers to Sierra Leone in October to assist in the Ebola response effort. Meanwhile, Dr. Chan warned 
the number of new Ebola cases in West Africa is growing faster than they can be managed, especially in 
Liberia. The U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) also noted the Ebola outbreak is negatively affecting 
families, especially in Liberia where 2,000 children have lost one or both parents to the disease. An 
update on the situation in West Africa was provided here. 
On September 12
th
, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon welcomed new international commitments to 
supporting West Africa in its fight against Ebola. Secretary-General Ban commended Cuba for its 
contribution of 165 health care specialists who will deploy to Sierra Leone, as well as the U.S. Agency for 
International Development’s (USAID) recent announcement of $75 million for response efforts. While 
praising these contributions, Secretary-General Ban stressed that more countries must act quickly to 
support the African governments affected by the Ebola outbreak. Secretary-General Ban’s comments 
were captured here. 
On September 12
th
, speaking in Monrovia, U.S. Ambassador to Liberia Deborah Malac said the U.S. will 
help train Liberia’s security forces to assist in isolation operations as part of the response to the Ebola 
epidemic in the country. Liberian forces will also be trained on how to best provide security near 
hospitals, holding centers, and treatment units. The announcement comes following the death of a 
Liberian boy who was killed when Liberian soldiers opened fire on a protest last month and as the 
number of Ebola death in Liberia climbed to account for more than half of all Ebola deaths in West 
Africa. More information can be found here. 
On September 12
th
, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest announced U.S. President Barack 
Obama would visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, on 
Tuesday to be briefed on the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and to discuss response efforts with CDC 
officials. Press Secretary Earnest said President Obama was also expected to thank the U.S. doctors, 
scientists, and health care workers who are engaged in responding to the crisis. President Obama’s 
travel to the CDC was announced here. 
On September 12
th
, NBC News reported that American Ebola survivor Dr. Kent Brantly flew to Nebraska 
last week to donate a unit of his blood to treat the third American aid worker infected with the virus, Dr. 
Rick Sacra. Dr. Sacra was infected with Ebola while working in Liberia and is currently being treated at 
the Nebraska Medical Center. Dr. Sacra’s doctors reported that he had also been treated with an 
experimental drug, but declined to detail the treatments he has received. An update on Dr. Sacra’s 
condition was issued here. 
On September 14
th
, NPR’s Lynn Neary interviewed USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah about USAID’s 
efforts to help coordinate a worldwide response to the Ebola crisis in West Africa. Administration Shah
discussed how the U.S. has sent more than 100 disease control specialists, epidemiologists, and scientists to West Africa and delivered supplies including personal protective equipment and home 
hygiene kits. He also detailed efforts to build additional treatment units in the countries impacted by the 
crisis. The interview was recorded here. 
On September 15
th
, President of the U.N. Security Council for September, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. 
Samantha Power, announced plans to hold an emergency meeting on the Ebola outbreak in West Africa 
on Thursday. Ambassador Power said the U.N. has asked all 193 U.N. members to come to the meeting 
with concrete commitments to tackle the outbreak, especially in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. She 
warned that the African nations could be set back by a generation of the outbreak is not immediately 
addressed and expressed her belief that the international community can come together to get the 
spread of the virus under control. Ambassador Power’s comments can be seen here. 
On September 15
th
, the U.N. Security Council adopted a resolution extending the mandate of UNMIL
through December 2014 in order to assist with the growing challenges in Liberia as the Ebola crisis 
worsens. In passing the resolution, the Security Council called on the international community to respond 
quickly to the shortage of medical professionals in the region and to provide the medical equipment and 
preventive measures needed to help West Africa fight the outbreak. More information was reported here. 
On September 15
th
, U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee Ranking Member 
Lamar Alexander (R-TN) said U.S. government officials must take the Ebola threat as seriously as they 
take the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), especially as the spread of the disease requires a 
more urgent response from the U.S. and other countries. Senator Alexander said the Ebola outbreak is 
one of the most explosive, dangerous, deadly epidemics in modern times and expressed his support for 
the Administration’s request for $30 million for the CDC and $58 million for the Biomedical Advanced 
Research and Development Authority (BARDA) in the continuing resolution (CR). Senator Alexander’s 
statement can be read here. 
On September 15
th
, U.S. Senator Rob Portman (R-OH) called on the CDC to direct U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection (CBP) to elevate the current level of passive screenings to active ones for travels 
demonstrating Ebola symptoms at U.S. ports of entry. In addition, Senator Portman sent a letter to 
USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah calling on the agency to leverage all necessary capabilities within the 
federal government to combat Ebola. Senator Portman also wrote to Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB) Director Shaun Donovan for an analysis of the resources the U.S. has already committed to the 
Ebola crisis and to Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson to push the Department of Homeland 
Security (DHS) to develop a plan to ensure the U.S. is prepared for any potential pandemics. Senator 
Portman’s comments and letters can be accessed here. 
On September 15
th
, the Washington Post addressed the possibility that the Ebola virus in West Africa 
could mutate in a way that makes airborne transmission of the disease a concern. While the virus only 
currently spreads through contact with bodily fluids, scientists have warned that without enhanced efforts 
to control Ebola the virus will continue to spread, enhancing opportunities for the virus to mutate. More 
information can be viewed here. 
On September 16
th
, the WHO praised China’s commitment to supporting the response to the Ebola 
outbreak in West Africa. With 115 Chinese medical staff already on the ground in Sierra Leone, China 
also recently pledged to dispatch a mobile laboratory team, as well as a 59-person team from the 
Chinese Center for Disease Control, including epidemiologists, clinicians, and nurses, to Sierra Leone.
The new Chinese contributions were described here. 
On September 16
th
, speaking at a U.N. special briefing on Ebola in Geneva, Switzerland, Doctors 
Without Borders (DWB) President Dr. Joanne Liu warned that the response to the Ebola outbreak in 
West Africa continues to fall dangerously behind. She said the window of opportunity to contain the 
outbreak is closing and urged more countries to scale up their contributions to response efforts 
immediately. Dr. Liu’s comments were transcribed here. 
On September 16
th
, the World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors approved a $105 million grant 
to finance Ebola containment efforts in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The new grant is part of the 
$200 million Ebola emergency mobilization announced by the World Bank in August. Liberia will receive 
$52 million, Sierra Leone will receive $28 million, and Guinea will receive $25 million to be used to pay health care personnel at emergency treatment and referral centers, to finance the medical care of 
exposed health workers, to pay death benefits to the families of exposed health workers, and to recruit, 
train, and deploy expatriate medical doctors, nurses, and other medical personnel to affected regions. 
The new grant was announced here. 
On September 16
th
, during a visit to the CDC, U.S. President Barack Obama announced a broad
expansion of U.S. military and medical resources to aid in fighting the Ebola outbreak. The U.S. will take 
a leading role in the international response to the crisis, dispatching up to 3,000 military personnel in an 
effort that could cost up to $750 million over the next six months. President Obama also offered help to
Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in the building of 17 Ebola treatment centers throughout the 
region, with approximately 1,700 beds. President Obama’s speech can be read here. A White House fact 
sheet on the U.S. response to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa can be accessed here. 
On September 16
th
, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the WHO released statements welcoming 
plans announced by the U.S. Government to ramp up its support in the global response to Ebola. The 
praise for U.S. plans to use military leadership to establish a regional command and control center in 
Monrovia, Liberia, came us the U.N. unveiled a $987.8 million Overview of the Needs and Requirements 
to contain the Ebola Outbreak. The plan for a massively scaled response, primarily centered in Guinea, 
Liberia, and Sierra Leone, was shared here. 
On September 16
th
, Ranking Member of the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on African Affairs 
Karen Bass (D-CA) issued a statement commending President Barack Obama for his $763 million 
commitment over the next six months to fight the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Congresswoman Bass 
said significant and immediate resources on the ground in West Africa will help to keep the virus from 
spreading. In addition to the health dangers posed by Ebola, Congresswoman Bass expressed concern 
that the outbreak could possibly destabilize governments in West Africa. In addition, she noted that she 
spoke with Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf about President Obama’s proposal and President 
Sirleaf expressed concern that without help from the U.S. and other countries, that civil order in Liberia 
will be threatened. Congresswoman Bass’s statement was issued here. 
On September 16
th
, the U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the 
Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health, and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies 
held a joint hearing on “Ebola in West Africa: A Global Challenge and Public Health Threat.” Witnesses 
included CDC Director Tom Frieden, Ebola survivor Dr. Kent Brantly, Director of the National Institute of 
Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Anthony Fauci, and Assistant Secretary of Health for 
Preparedness and Response Robin Robinson. The joint hearing was noticed here. 
On September 17
th
, in advance of Thursday’s U.N. emergency meeting on Ebola, U.N. SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon said he planned to establish a new on-the-ground mission in West Africa to 
coordinate the Ebola response. The announcement came as the WHO reported that Ebola cases in 
Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia totaled 4,963 with 2,453 deaths. In addition, Secretary-General Ban 
warned that the Ebola outbreak is also fueling an economic crisis in the region. The U.S. has proposed a 
draft Security Council resolution that calls on member states to provide assistance, including medical 
personnel and field hospitals, and urges countries in the region to lift travel restrictions and keep borders 
open. More information is available here. 
On September 17
th
, the Financial Tracking Service (FTS) reported that while the WHO has requested $1 
billion to fight Ebola is West Africa, less than one-fifth of the request has actually been funded, with only 
$155 million in aid being delivered to date. $838 million has been pledged by various entities for the 
Ebola effort, but those payments have yet to be delivered. The largest outstanding commitments have 
been made by the U.S., the African Development Bank (AfDB), and the World Bank. A full breakdown of 
the aid delivered and the additional assistance committed can be seen here.
On September 17
th
, IMF staff submitted a proposal to extend $127 million in financial support to Guinea, 
Liberia, and Sierra Leone, to the IMF Executive Board’s for consideration as an institutional response to 
the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Contingent on the Board’s approval, the funding will immediately be 
made available to the designated West African governments to be used to cover a sizeable share of the 
total financing gap for response efforts. The Board is expected to consider the proposal in early October. 
The plan was further detailed here. On September 17
th
, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim hosted a teleconference intended to provide an 
overview of the economic impact the Ebola crisis has had in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. 
President Kim reported that a recent analysis projects that combined GDP losses in all three countries 
will total $360 million for 2014, with a $292 million impact on government budgets. If a rapid, effective 
response effort is implemented, analysts believe the combined cost to economic output could be limited 
to $97 million. In addition, President Kim warned that if the virus is allowed to continue to spread, the 
economic costs could grow eight-fold by 2015. The teleconference was transcribed here. 
On September 17
th
, with funds from the World Bank, UNICEF procured and facilitated the delivery of 100 
metric tons of drugs and equipment worth more than $1.7 million to people who have contracted Ebola in 
Sierra Leone. The supplies delivered to Lungi International Airport and transferred to Freetown included 
drugs, chlorine, and personal protective equipment needed to fight the Ebola epidemic. This is the 
second delivery of supplies to Sierra Leone in less than two weeks and this most recent delivery was 
expected to more than double the supplies available. A press release was issued here. 
On September 17
th
, Australia announced it will immediately provide an additional $6.4 million to aid in 
response efforts to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Australia has previously committed approximately 
$1 million to the global response. Roughly $2 million of the newly announced funding will be used to 
deliver medical services in Sierra Leone and another $2.5 million will be donated to DWB to assist in 
their efforts to provide medical support in the West African countries impacted by the outbreak. 
Australia’s contributions to the Ebola response effort were outlined here. 
On September 17
th
, USAID Assistant Administrator for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian 
Assistance Nancy Lindborg authored a post for USAID’s Impact Blog on the unprecedented response to 
the Ebola crisis. She applauded President Barack Obama’s announcement of a clear, comprehensive, 
and global strategy to stop the outbreak and highlighted the work of USAID Disaster Assistance 
Response Teams (DARTs) in the region of West Africa impacted by the outbreak. She also called 
attention to the launch of the USAID-led Community Care campaign, which will aim to provide every 
family and community with information and items that can help protect them from the deadly virus. The 
blog post can be read here. 
On September 17
th
, the full U.S. House of Representatives passed a continuing resolution (CR) funding 
the government at current levels through December 11
th
by a vote of 319-108. The CR includes the $88 
million requested by President Barack Obama to help combat the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. The 
U.S. Senate is expected to vote on the CR on Thursday. The vote was recorded here. 
On September 17
th
, the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human 
Rights, and International Organizations held a hearing on “Global Efforts to Fight Ebola.” The 
Subcommittee received testimony from NIAID Director Anthony Fauci, Director of the U.S. Food and 
Drug Administration’s (FDA) Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats Luciana Borio, Ebola 
survivor Dr. Kent Brantly, Chinua Akukwe of the National Academy of Public Administration, and Ted 
Alemayhu of U.S. Doctors for Africa. The hearing was recorded here. 
On September 17
th
, a new trial of the Ebola vaccine developed by the National Institute of Health’s (NIH) 
NIAID and pharmaceutical company GlacoSmithKline (GSK) began in the United Kingdom (U.K.). A 
similar trial was launched in the U.S. last week, where 20 participants have received the vaccine so far. 
No adverse effects to the vaccine have been reported to date. More information on the trials can be 
found here. 
Uganda
On September 14
th
, Ugandan police held a news conference to announce they had seized explosives 
and arrested an unspecified number of foreigners believed to be coordinating attacks in Kampala. 
Security officials announced plans to increase security at hotels and other public places, while witnesses 
reported a heightening of security at the Entebbe International Airport. While Ugandan police declined to 
speculate which group the suspected terrorists might be affiliated with, national security experts 
suggested they are likely to be connected to Al Shabaab, which Uganda has been helping to combat in 
Somalia. More information was shared here. On September 14
th
, the U.S. Embassy in Kampala issued an emergency message for U.S. citizens in 
Uganda, warning that local authorities had uncovered an Al Shabaab terrorist cell in Somalia that had 
been planning an imminent attack. The Embassy reported, based on coordination with Ugandan 
authorities and heightened security efforts, that immediate threats have effectively been countered. 
However, the Embassy cautioned Americans in Uganda to remain vigilant, to review personal security 
plans, and to avoid crowded locations. The emergency message can be seen here.
On September 15
th
, security forces revealed additional details of the arrest that took place on Sunday. 
With U.S. assistance, law enforcement in Kampala arrested 19 suspected militants linked to Al Shabaab. 
The group planned to carry out attacks in the capital over the weekend at crowded bars, hotels, and 
Makerere University, which has a student population of 50,000. Details can be read here.
Central African Republic
On September 11
th
, U.S. President Barack Obama notified Congress that on September 10
th

approximately 20 U.S. Armed Forces personnel deployed to the Central African Republic (CAR) to 
support the resumption of activities at the U.S. Embassy in Bangui. Military personnel were deployed 
along with U.S. Department of State diplomatic security personnel for the purpose of protecting U.S. 
Embassy personnel and property. The force will remain in the CAR until it is replaced by an augmented 
U.S. Marine Security Guard Detachment and additional civilian security personnel, as the security 
situation allows. President Obama’s notice to congressional leadership was posted here. 
On September 15
th
, the African-led International Support Mission to the CAR (MISCA) transferred its 
authority for peacekeeping operations in the CAR to the U.N. Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization 
Mission in the CAR (MINUSCA). U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the new mission will be 
comprised of approximately 6,500 troops, 1,000 police, and a complement of civilian staff throughout the 
country. In addition, Secretary-General Ban reiterated his call for all parties in the CAR to put an end to 
the continuing violence in accordance with the cessation of hostilities agreement. More information can 
be viewed here. 
On September 15
th
, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry announced the resumption of operations at the 
U.S. Embassy in Bangui, CAR. Davin Brown will serve as Charge d’Affaires and work closely with the 
CAR transitional government and international partners to advance a peaceful, democratic, and inclusive 
political transition. With Brown’s arrival in Bangui, the State Department also announced an additional 
$28 million in U.S. humanitarian funding for the CAR, bringing total U.S. contributions to $147.7 million 
this year. In addition, Secretary Kerry noted the September 15
th
transition from MISCA to MINUSCA. 
Secretary Kerry’s comments were transcribed here.
Libya
On September 14
th
, 36 migrants were rescued after a boat carrying 250 people sunk near Tajour, east of 
Tripoli.  Last week, another boat carrying 500 passengers sank off the coast of Malta. This is the fourth 
boat carrying migrants from Libya to have sunk in the past month. Details can be read here.
On September 15
th
, fighter jets carried out an estimated four attacks on ammunition warehouses and 
weapons depots in Libya, belonging to the coalition of fighters known as Libyan Dawn. The Associated 
Press reports that one person was killed and at least five were wounded during the raid. A rival group 
has claimed responsibility. General Saqr Jarrushi, a close aide of general Khalifa Hiftar, insisted on 
Monday that their forces carried out the air strike in Gharyan. More information can be found here.
On September 15
th
, the head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), Bernardino Leon, told the 
U.N. Security Council that the situation in Libya is precarious, citing the dangers of parallel political 
institutions. Libya's government and elected House of Representatives relocated last month to the 
remote eastern city of Tobruk after an armed group seized Tripoli and most government institutions. The
forces now in control of Tripoli have set up a rival parliament and government that have not been 
recognized by the international community. Special Representative Leon reported this, coupled with a 
deteriorating security situation, has brought the country closer to the brink of protracted conflict and civil 
strife. Excerpts from the briefing were highlighted here.On September 16
th
, the Wall Street Journal reported that production in Libya’s largest oil field has been 
cut after rockets dropped near the refinery it supplies. According to a spokesman for state-owned 
National Oil Co. (NOC), staff has been reduced and output has fallen because people are afraid to go to 
there. Furthermore, the position of Oil Minister may be dissolved by the internationally recognized House 
of Representatives in Tobruk. This would make the head of the NOC the highest-ranking oil official in 
Libya, which could prevent the industry from dividing along political lines. Details can be found here.
On September 16
th
, violence between militia and tribesmen of the Wershfana tribe killed a former 
Member of Parliament (MP), Mohamed al-Kelani, in Tripoli. The Wershfana tribe is a close ally of the AlQaaqaa and Al-Sawaaq militias, which have been fighting the Libya Shield. Fighting in Benghazi on the 
same day killed at least nine people and wounded 30 others. Details on both events can be viewed here
and here. 
On September 17
th
, diplomats from 16 nations, the U.N. and the Arab League assembled in Madrid, 
Spain, with the hope of finding a solution for the ongoing crisis in Libya. However, because 
representatives from Libya’s armed groups were not in attendance, it was largely speculated that the 
likelihood of achieving a resolution would be low. The full story is available here.
South Sudan
On September 15
th
, South Sudanese Finance Minister Aggrey Tisa Sabuna said South Sudan is 
reconsidering plans to unify official and black-market exchange rates pending the improvement of 
government finances and security. This year, the South Sudanese pound weakened 13 percent to 3.5
against the dollar. In Juba, one dollar costs between 4.7 and 5 pounds. Additionally, oil production, which 
generates almost all of the country’s foreign-exchange earnings, has fallen by about a third to 160,000 
barrels per day, according to the Petroleum Ministry. More information can be seen here.
On September 16
th
, South Sudan’s government issued an order for non-governmental organizations 
(NGOs) and private firms to decrease foreign aid workers by mid-October. The government wants
employment opportunities to go to South Sudanese citizens. Amid controversy that efforts by aid 
organizations would be restricted, Foreign Minister Branaba Marial Benjamin said that employment 
should be given to citizens unless none with the necessary skills can be found. Prior to the law, 
companies operating in South Sudan faced no limitations hiring foreigners. Details can be found here.
On September 18
th
, the U.S., the U.K., and Norway issued a joint statement welcoming recent efforts to 
reinvigorate a process of genuine national dialogue in South Sudan. The leaders expressed awareness 
for the continuing governance concerns expressed by the Sudanese people and the articulation of 
political, economic, and social grievances. They recognized that past efforts to resolve the conflict in 
South Sudan at a regional level have failed to achieve sustainable peace and reiterated support for a 
mediation process that entails conflict resolution and national dialogue. The Troika also welcomed the 
initial progress made under the auspices of the African Union (AU) High-Level Implementation Panel. 
The full statement was published here. 
United States – Africa Relations
White House
On September 17
th
, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate Paul Folmsbee to serve 
as U.S. Ambassador to Mali and Mary Catherine Phee to serve as U.S. Ambassador to South Sudan. 
Folmsbee currently serves as Executive Director of the Bureau of African Affairs at the Department of 
State and has previously held positions at the U.S. Embassies in Tanzania and Kenya. Phee currently 
serves as Chief of Staff at the Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan. She has also 
previously served at the U.S. Missions in Ethiopia and Egypt. The nominations were announced here. 
Department of State
On September 8
th
, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance 
Frank Rose delivered remarks on the benefits of space security for development in Africa at the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) in Dar Es Salaam. Deputy Assistant 
Secretary Rose discussed the importance of satellites in connecting people, providing health and 
education services, and collecting critical information for disaster monitoring and resource management. 
He also noted that African nations are more reliant on space applications than ever before to ensure 
sustainable development. Deputy Assistant Secretary Rose’s remarks were transcribed here. 
On September 8
th
-17
th
, U.S. Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region of Africa and the Democratic 
Republic of Congo (DRC) Russell Feingold was on foreign travel to Rwanda, the DRC, and the U.K. to 
discuss regional peace and security issues and political developments with government officials, civil 
society organizations, and U.N. representatives in Kigali, Goma, and Bukavu. In London, Special Envoy 
Feingold participated in meetings of the International Contact Group on the Great Lakes Region. Special 
Envoy Feingold’s travel was announced here. 
On September 12
th
-15
th
, State Department Counselor Tom Shannon and Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Steven Feldstein traveled to Kenya and Uganda. The 
officials met with senior Kenyan officials, including Kenyan Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs Amina 
Mohamed, to discuss regional issues, including the South Sudan peace process and efforts to combat 
wildlife trafficking, and to follow up on the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit. In addition, Counselor Shannon 
attended a dinner with Head of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Regional Hub 
Sharon Cooper and UNHCR Somalia Representative Alessandra Morelli. In Uganda, Counselor 
Shannon met with senior government officials and civil society representatives. Counselor Shannon and 
Deputy Assistant Secretary Feldstein’s travel was noted here. 
On September 13
th
, Secretary of State John Kerry traveled to Cairo, Egypt, to meet with senior Egyptian 
officials and to discuss bilateral and regional issues of mutual concern, including the growing 
international coalition to combat ISIL in Iraq and Syria. Secretary Kerry met with Arab League SecretaryGeneral Nabil al-Araby, Egyptian President Abdul Fattah Al-Sisi, and Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh 
Shoukry. Secretary Kerry’s travel was outlined here. A transcript of Secretary Kerry’s joint press 
availability with Minister Shoukry can be read here. 
On September 14
th
, State Department Counselor Tom Shannon, Special Representative for Somalia 
James McAnulty, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 
Steve Feldstein visited Mogadishu, Somalia, for meetings with government officials on Somalia’s security 
and development. In a meeting with Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud and Prime Minister 
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, State Department officials discussed the successful strike against Al Shabaab 
leader Ahmed Abdi Godane and the military campaign by the Somali National Army (SNA) and the AU
Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) against Al Shabaab. In addition, counselor Shannon was briefed by 
members of the Somali cabinet and representatives of the international community on state-building 
initiatives and preparations for the 2015 review of Somalia’s Constitution and the 2016 elections. 
Counselor Shannon’s visit to Somalia was detailed here. 
On September 15
th
, Secretary of State John Kerry issued a press statement on the International Day of 
Democracy. As an example, Secretary Kerry praised Egyptians who protested this year in Tahrir Square 
to demand the privilege to vote, the freedom to speak their minds, and the right to a government by the 
people and for the people. As the U.S. works to strengthen its democracy at home, Secretary Kerry said 
the U.S. will continue to support those around the world fighting for democratic ideals. Secretary Kerry’s 
full statement was posted here. 
On September 17
th
, Ambassador-At-Large and Coordinator for Counterterrorism Tina Kaidanow met with 
Kenyan Interior Principal Secretary Monica Juma at the Department of State. The meeting was noticed 
here. 
On September 18
th
, Secretary of State John Kerry met with Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra 
at the Department of State. The meeting was listed on the State Department’s daily appointment 
schedule, which can be accessed here.
On September 18
th
, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Linda Thomas-Greenfield met with 
Transitional President of the CAR Catherine Samba-Panza. The meeting, which was held at the State 
Department, was listed here. U.S. Agency for International Development
On September 15
th
, Jessica Benton Cooney, a Communications Specialist for USAID’s Bureau for 
Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance, authored a post for USAID’s Impact Blog entitled, 
“International Day of Democracy: Engaging Young People on Democracy.” The blog post discusses the 
goal of the Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI) to support young African leaders as they work to spur 
growth and prosperity, strengthen democratic governance, and enhance peace and security across the 
continent. In addition, the post highlights the effectiveness of USAID’s Inter-Party Youth Forum in Kenya 
and USAID’s LEAD-Women and Youth Program in Egypt. The blog post can be read here. 
On September 18
th
-19
th
, USAID will hold the second Frontiers in Development forum at the Ronald 
Reagan Building in Washington, DC. The two-day event will engage a community of global thought 
leaders and development practitioners to address the question of eradicating poverty by 2030. Among 
the list of confirmed speakers are Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete and former Ghanaian President 
John Kufuor. Lectures offered, additional details, and a list of speakers can be found here.
Department of Defense
On September 11
th
, the Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) reported on a 
Business Exchange recently held for the Djibouti Chamber of Commerce, CJTF-HOA, and Camp 
Lemonnier at the Kempinski Hotel in Djibouti. The event brought together several local vendors to talk to 
U.S. military representatives about their products and services. The Business Exchange was described 
here. 
On September 11
th
, military leaders of 17 African nations and the U.S. gathered in Douala, Cameroon, 
for the fourth annual African Air Chiefs Symposium to discuss air force capabilities and important 
regional issues. Among the topics discussed at the conference were air security and surveillance, 
airpower contributions to counter violent extremist organizations, airfield security, and airlift support for 
peacekeeping operations. Commander of U.S. Air Forces Africa General Frank Gorenc and U.S. 
Ambassador to Cameroon Michael Hoza attended the opening ceremony of the symposium. The 
meeting was further detailed here. 
On September 11
th
, Security Cooperation Team-1 of the Special-Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force 
(SP-MAGTF) Africa 14 departed Sigonella, Italy, for Toubacouta, Senegal, for an upcoming train-thetrainer theater security cooperation engagement. Throughout the month, U.S. Marines, Sailors, and 
Coastguardsmen will train and advise personnel for the Senegalese Companie de Fusilier Marine 
Commandaos (COFUMACO) on maritime security force assistance, marksmanship exercises, patrolling 
techniques, and small-boat tactics and skills. In return, the Commandos will train the rest of the 
Senegalese armed forces. More information was shared here. 
Department of Homeland Security
On September 17
th
, Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson told the House Homeland Security 
Committee he has no intention to lift the prohibition against Libyan nationals seeking visas to train in 
aviation security or nuclear sciences in the U.S. Last week, the House Judiciary Committee approved the 
Protecting the Homeland Act, which would prohibit DHS from lifting this longstanding prohibition. More 
information is available here. 
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
On September 12
th
, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) highlighted the OPIC Office of 
Investment Policy’s recent meeting with community groups at Lake Turkana in northern Kenya as part of 
a due diligence review of the Lake Turkana wind power project. This summer, OPIC approved a $250 
million financing commitment to support construction of the 310 megawatt (MW) Lake Turkana wind 
power plant. The project is anticipated to boost Kenya’s installed energy capacity by 20 percent. More 
information can be viewed here. Millennium Challenge Corporation
On September 15
th
, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) issued a fact sheet on the MCC and 
the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The fact sheet highlights investments the MCC has made to 
eradicate poverty in Ghana, to achieve universal education and promote gender equality in Burkina 
Faso, and to combat HIV/AIDS in Lesotho and Cabo Verde. The fact sheet can be downloaded here.  
Securities and Exchange Commission
On September 15
th
, a coalition of business groups, including the National Association of Manufacturers 
(NAM), the Chamber of Commerce, and Business Roundtable, called on the U.S. Court of Appeals for 
the D.C. Circuit to reject the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) request that the Court 
conduct an en banc review of an earlier decision to strike down part of the conflict minerals rule included 
as part of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Based on past precedent, 
the business groups argued that labels indicating whether or not companies’ products contain minerals 
used to fund armed groups in the DRC would not be purely factual and uncontroversial, especially as it 
can be near impossible to trace the origins of minerals. The full story is available here. 
Congress
On September 11
th
, the full Senate approved the nomination of John Hoover to serve as U.S. 
Ambassador to Sierra Leone. Nominated 13 months ago, Ambassador Hoover is a career Foreign 
Service officer. The Senate still must confirm 64 other ambassadorial nominees. The confirmation vote 
was reported here. 
On September 11
th
, House Natural Resources Committee Ranking Member Peter DeFazio (D-OR) 
introduced legislation that would impose trade sanctions on countries that facilitate ivory trafficking. The 
Targeted Use of Sanctions for Killing Elephants in their Range (TUSKER) Act was named in honor of 
Satoa, a large-tusked elephant that was recently butchered by poachers in Kenya. According to a press 
release, funds raised through poaching are used to fund terrorist groups that threaten regional stability in 
Africa and national security in the U.S. The press release was issued here. 
On September 11
th
, Chairman of the House Select Committee on Benghazi Trey Gowdy (R-SC) issued a 
statement on the second anniversary of the terrorist attack in Benghazi, Libya. Congressman Gowdy 
said the anniversary is a reminder of the real costs of terrorism and the importance of remaining vigilant. 
He also honored U.S. Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens, Glen Doherty, Sean Smith, and Tyrone 
Woods, who were killed in the attacks, and said it is for them that all of the facts about the attack in 
Benghazi must be established beyond reasonable doubt. Congressman Gowdy’s statement was posted 
here.
On September 11
th
, Ranking Member of the House Select Committee on Benghazi Elijah Cummings (DMD) released a statement on the two-year anniversary of the attacks in Benghazi. Congressman 
Cummings honored the four Americans who died in the attacks and offered condolences to their families. 
He said the best way to honor their memories is to support efforts to bring the perpetrators to justice and 
to work in a bipartisan way to strengthen security for all U.S. personnel overseas. Congressman 
Cumming’s statement was shared here.  
On September 16
th
, House Select Committee on Benghazi Democrats launched a new website 
highlighting the findings of previous investigations of the attacks on U.S. interests in Benghazi in 
September 2012. In an executive summary of the compendium and in conjunction with the launch of the 
website, Committee Democrats noted their intent to define the scope of the Committee’s investigation, 
avoid duplication, and conserve taxpayer dollars to help improve the security of U.S. facilities and 
personnel around the world. The full story is available here. 
On September 17
th
, the House Select Committee on Benghazi held the first public hearing in its probe of 
the September 2012 attacks. The hearing focused on “Implementation of the ARB Recommendations.” 
Witnesses included Assistant Secretary of State for Diplomatic Security Greg Starr, Mark Sullivan, 
Chairman of The Independent Panel on Best Practices and Todd Keil, former Assistant Secretary of 
Homeland Security for Infrastructure Protection, who also served on The Independent Panel on Best Practices. A webcast of the hearing can be watched here. 
On September 18
th
, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee held a business meeting to consider 
pending legislation and nominations. Among the agenda items considered, the Committee passed a 
resolution recognizing the severe threat the Ebola outbreak in West Africa poses to populations, 
governments, and economies across Africa, and if not properly contained, to regions across the globe, 
and expressing support for those affected by the epidemic. In addition, the Committee voted on the 
nominations of Donald Heflin to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Cabo Verde, Earl Robert Miller to serve as 
U.S. Ambassador to Botswana, James Peter Zumwalt to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Guinea-Bissau, 
Robert Yamate to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Madagascar and Comoros, and Virginia Palmer to serve 
as U.S. Ambassador to Malawi. The business meeting agenda was posted here. 
North Africa    
On September 12
th
, the Middle East Institute hosted its second annual conference on Egypt to explore 
practical solutions to Egypt’s political, social, and economic challenges. The conference included panels 
on the upcoming parliamentary elections, implementing Egypt’s constitution, bridging political divisions, 
addressing security risks, reforming the economy, and engaging youth. Keynote speakers were Egyptian 
Minister of Foreign Affairs Nabil Fahmy and U.S. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near 
Eastern Affairs Ambassador Gerald Feierstein. The conference agenda was shared here. 
On September 13
th
, World Bank Regional Vice President for the Middle East and North Africa Inger 
Anderson concluded a visit to Cairo, Egypt, to underscore the Bank’s commitment to exploring new 
projects and to scaling up 26 existing projects in the country. Vice President Anderson met with several 
government officials, including Egyptian Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahleb and Minister of International 
Cooperation Naglaa El-Ahwany. During Vice President Anderson’s visit, Egypt and the World Bank also 
signed a $500 million agreement in support of the Egypt Household Natural Gas Connection Project, 
which will help expand access to more reliable and lower course energy for cooking. Vice President 
Anderson’s visit to Egypt was summarized here. 
On September 16
th
, The Atlantic reported that in some schools in Los Angeles County, California, 
vaccination rates are as low as child vaccination rates in South Sudan. While parents in South Sudan 
have difficulty getting their children vaccinated because of ongoing civil war, parents in elite California 
neighborhoods have taken advantage of exemptions and claimed that vaccinating their children is not 
instinctive because of unproven side effects such as anxieties, allergies, asthma, and eczema. The full 
article can be read here. 
On September 17
th
, an IMF team concluded a visit to Khartoum, Sudan, to conduct the second review 
under Sudan’s 2014 Staff-Monitored Program (SMP) and the 2014 Article IV Consultation discussions. 
During their visit to Sudan, the IMF mission observed mixed economic conditions. While IMF staff 
forecast a 3.1 percent economic growth rate for Sudan this year, they also raised economic challenges, 
including a lack of access to external financing, an unsustainable external debt burden, and economic 
and financial sanctions against the country. More information was reported here. 
On September 17
th
, the World Bank unveiled a new analysis of the Tunisian economy entitled, “The 
Unfinished Revolution: Bringing Opportunity, Good Jobs, and Greater Wealth to All Tunisians.” While 
praising the political progress that has been made in Tunisia in the three years since the revolution, the 
report explores how Tunisia remains stuck in a cycle of low economic growth and high unemployment 
that is stifling Tunisia’s holistic transition. In particular, the report proposes changes to Tunisia’s existing 
investment and competition policies, financial systems, labor laws, and agricultural practices that can 
help lead to more inclusive economic growth. The report was unveiled here. 
On September 18
th
, the World Bank issued a new report entitled, “More Jobs, Better Jobs: A Priority for 
Egypt.” The report suggests that the trend in Egypt of an abundance of low-quality, insecure, and 
unstable jobs can be reversed through targeted reforms that vitalize the private sector, promote formal 
employment, and engage excluded and vulnerable populations. The report also advises Egyptian 
authorities to consider economic reforms that strengthen competition and promote accountability in the 
public sector. The full report can be downloaded here. East Africa   
On September 11
th
-14
th
, World Bank Managing Director and Chief Operating Office Sri Mulyani Indrawati 
made her first official visit to Tanzania. Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer Indrawati held
high-level discussions with President Jakaya Kikwete, Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda, and Minister of 
Finance Saada Mukya Salum. She also met with representatives of the private sector, civil society, 
academia, and the media, and visited some of the World Bank’s 23 different projects in the country. Her
travel was noticed here.
On September 12
th
, Tanzania and the World Bank signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to 
increase cooperation in the development of Dar es Salaam Port. The cooperation, which will be 
delivered through the Dar es Salaam Maritime Gateway Project, includes the provision of financial 
support to facilitate the deepening and strengthening of berths, the dredging of the port’s entrance 
channel, and construction of a new berth and roll on-roll off terminal. The $565 million project is expected 
to increase the port’s capacity from 14.6 million tons to 28 million tons by 2020. More information can be 
found here. 
On September 12
th
, the World Bank released its new Country Economic Memorandum for Tanzania, 
entitled, “Productive Jobs Wanted.” The report outlines strategies for how Tanzania might accelerate job 
creation as its workforce grows from 20 million to 40 million by 2030. The report recommends that 
Tanzania implement measures to enable the development of small non-farm businesses, increase farm 
productivity, and accelerate the growth of export markets and export-oriented industries. The report was 
summarized here. 
On September 13
th
, as part of her trip to Tanzania, World Bank Managing Director and Chief Operating 
Office Sri Mulyani Indrawati traveled to Zanzibar for meetings with Zanzibar President Ali Mohammed 
Shein and other top government officials. In addition, Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer 
Indrawati observed the Bank-financed rehabilitation of the Zanzibar Airport and visited with members of 
the coastal communities covered by the Marine and Coastal Environmental Management Project, which 
closed last year. Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer Indrawati’s visit to Zanzibar was detailed 
here. 
On September 15
th
, Tanzanian officials unveiled plans to expand Serengeti National Park to include 
Lake Victoria as part of an effort to cope with droughts and provide an alternative water source for 
animals. The proposal, which the Mara Regional Consultative Committee (RCC) has said is unavoidable 
due to the importance of the areas to the Serengeti-Maasai Mari ecosystem, is expected to be met with 
protest, as it will spark the displacement of roughly 8,000 people living in the Speke Game Controlled 
Area in Bunda district. The full story is available here. 
On September 16
th
, UNHCR warned that forced displacement is becoming a bigger problem in Somalia 
due to forced evictions, drought, and conflict, with approximately 130,000 people internally displaced. In 
addition, UNHCR reported that roughly 7,000 people have fled South Central Somalia for other parts of 
the country in response to the military offensive against Al Shabaab. In addition to those who are 
internally displaced, UNHCR suggested that as many as 23,000 Somali refugees have fled to Yemen, 
Kenya, and Ethiopia. An update from UNHCR was provided here. 
On September 16
th
, the IMF released additional information on the workshop on principles for financial 
market infrastructures recently hosted by the East African Regional Technical Assistance Center (East 
AFRITAC) in Kigali, Rwanda. The workshop provided member participants the opportunity to discuss 
regulatory and oversight challenges caused by innovation, including mobile money, as East African 
Community (EAC) member countries move to a monetary union. Presentations were delivered by 
payment system experts, as well as representatives of the World Bank and the South African Central 
Securities Depository. Details were shared here. 
On September 17
th
, U.N. Deputy Special Representative for Somalia Fatiha Serour issued a news 
release welcoming the opening of the Kismayo reconciliation conference in Somalia and urging 
participants to be inclusive of all stakeholders, including women, youths, and elders. Deputy Special Representative Serour added that the reconciliation process will be important to developing a roadmap 
for the Interim Jubba Administration. In addition, Deputy Special Representative Serour participated in 
the opening ceremony of the conference, along with Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. More 
information can be found here. 
On September 17
th
, it was announced that the Kenya Judiciary Training Institute, in partnership with 
Negotiation and conflict Management Group International, will hold a two-day forum on dispute 
resolution. Senior government officials, judges, and lawyers from the region will convene at Windsor Golf 
Hotel in Nairobi, on September 25
th
- 26
th
, to discuss dispute resolution as a method of transforming the 
justice system. Details can be read here.
On September 17
th
, the Society for International Development hosted an event on “Collaboration, 
Technology, and Local Governance: How USAID and UNICEF Are Working Together to Strengthen 
Uganda’s District-Level Governments.” Participants included Jeremiah Carew, Ella Hoxha, and Christine 
Gandomi of USAID, Sharad Sapra of UNICEF, and Alan Johnston of Development InfoStructure Inc. The 
event was described here.  
West Africa     
On September 12
th
, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Mohammed Ibn Chambas of Ghana 
to succeed Said Djinnit of Algeria as Special Representative and Head of the U.N. Office for West Africa 
(UNOWA). Special Representative Djinnit was recently appointed to serve as U.N. Special Envoy for the 
Great Lakes Region. Special Representative Chambas has served as the AU-U.N. Joint Special 
Representative for Darfur and Head of the AU-U.N. Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) since 
December 2012. His appointment was announced here. 
On September 14
th
, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned an attack on a U.N. 
Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) military vehicle in the Kidal region 
of Mali. The incident left one Chadian peacekeeper dead and four others wounded. In response to the 
attack, Secretary-General Ban and the U.N. Security Council reiterated their full support for MINUSMA 
and the French forces that support it. Details were posted here. 
On September 16
th
, UNHCR issued a called for $34 million to aid the more than 75,000 people who have 
fled violence in northeastern Nigeria by crossing into Chad, Cameroon, and Niger. The Nigeria Refugee 
Response Plan aims to help the refugees who have left Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states 
since 2013, primarily as a result of increasing terrorist activity perpetrated by Boko Haram. UNHCR 
reported that Nigerian refugees in Cameroon are seeking shelter in school buildings and churches, while 
in Niger, host families are trying to accommodate the needs of an influx of women and children refugees. 
UNHCR’s proposed response plan was detailed here. 
On September 16
th
-25
th
, a team from the IMF will visit Accra, Ghana, to conduct discussions on a 
possible IMF-supported program. IMF Management received a formal request from Ghanaian authorities 
in August. Over the coming days, the IMF team will meet with government officials the private sector, 
and the donor community in Ghana. The IMF anticipates discussions with Ghana to continue at the 
annual meetings of the World Bank and the IMF scheduled for October. More information can be viewed 
here. 
On September 17
th
, an IMF team concluded a visit to Banjul, The Gambia, to assess authorities’ 
progress in implementing policies since a previous visit to the country in April. During their trip, the team 
of IMF staff met with Gambian Vice President Isatou Njie Saidy, Finance Minister Kebba Touray, and 
Central Bank Governor Amadou Colley. While the IMF mission observed that The Gambia’s 
macroeconomic environment has somewhat stabilized, it also expressed concern for excess spending 
by the country’s public utility provider, as well as the potential impact of the Ebola outbreak in West 
Africa on tourism. Additional analysis was shared here. 
On September 19
th
, the Hudson Institute will host an event entitled, “#WhereAreOurGirls? Escaped 
Schoolgirl Shares Her Account of Boko Haram Abduction.” Speakers included Saa, a survivor of the 
April Boko Haram abduction in Chibok, Nigeria, Emmanuel Ogebe of U.S. Nigeria Law Group, and Nina 
Shea of the Hudson Institute. Event logistics can be seen here.Sub-Saharan Africa     
On September 10
th
-15
th
, World Bank Country Director for Mauritius, Madagascar, Mozambique, 
Seychelles, and Comoros Mark Lundell visited Mauritius for meetings focused on strengthening 
cooperation between Mauritius and the World Bank. Director Lundell met with cabinet ministers, 
development partners, and other development stakeholders, and held a press conference. He also 
chaired a workshop launching the World Bank’s first Systemic Country Diagnostic (SCD) for Mauritius. 
Director Lundell’s travel was announced here. 
On September 12
th
, South African Judge Thokozile Masipa found Olympic athlete Oscar Pistorius guilty 
of culpable homicide in the killing of his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp. Judge Masipa said that Pistorius 
was not guilty of intentionally killing Steenkamp and the prosecution had not effectively proven the intent 
to kill that is necessary for a premeditated murder conviction. Pistorius has been released on bail until 
sentencing proceedings begin on October 13
th
. He could face up to 15 years in prison. The full story is 
available here. 
On September 16
th
, IMF Deputy Managing Director Naoyuki Shinohara concluded a two-day visit to 
Angola, for meetings with government officials and private sector representatives on macroeconomic 
and financial stability, efforts to diversify Angola’s economy, good governance, and initiatives to boost 
job creation while reducing poverty and inequality. While reporting that he is pleased with Angola’s 
economic progress in the past five years, Deputy Managing Director Shinohara said Angola is still 
challenged by fiscal deficits, dependence on oil exports, and subpar investment in infrastructure. Deputy 
Managing Director Shinohara’s statement upon the end of his visit to Angola can be read here. 
On September 16
th
, the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved a $15 million International 
Development Association (IDA) credit and a $45 million International Bank for Reconstruction and 
Development (IBRD) loan for the Republic of Congo’s (ROC) ongoing Water, Electricity, and Urban 
Development Project (PEEDU). The goal of the project is to help increase access to basic infrastructure 
services, safe drinking water, and electricity services for the urban poor living in Brazzaville and Pointe 
Noire. The project launched in 2010 and has already benefitted more than 260,000 people in the ROC. 
More information can be accessed here. 
On September 16
th
, the South African Judge who presided over the Oscar Pistorius murder trial, Judge 
Thokozile Masipa, was placed under police protection after several legal groups raised concerns about 
threats made against her following her decision to acquit Olympian Pistorius of murder. Because Judge 
Masipa is one of the first black female judges in South Africa, those who have been following the case 
have warned that the wave of criticism in response to Judge Masipa’s ruling could border on hate 
speech, defamation, and contempt of court. The situation was detailed here.
On September 17
th
, South African President Jacob Zuma said at least 67 South African citizens were 
killed when a church hostel belonging to Nigerian TV evangelist TB Joshua collapsed last week in 
Lagos, Nigeria. Nigerian rescue workers reported that at least 130 people, including many foreigners, 
were pulled from the rubble alive while at least 70 other bodies have been recovered. Joshua said he 
saw a small plane circling the church before the collapse and has argued the incident was an 
assassination attempt. Rescue officials, however, said the collapse was likely caused by the construction 
of additional stories without reinforcing the building’s foundation. More information can be seen here. 
General Africa News   
On September 13
th
, the U.N. published a list of the 125 countries that will be represented at the U.N. 
Climate Summit scheduled to take place in New York, on September 23
rd
. At next week’s meeting, 
government representatives are expected to present on their commitments to reduce emissions by 
March 2015. Participating African nations will include Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Egypt, Guinea, 
Gabon, the DRC, Ghana, Madagascar, the Gambia, Liberia, Lesotho, Ethiopia, Morocco, Nigeria, 
Seychelles, Niger, South Africa, Mauritania, Namibia, South Sudan, Rwanda, Mauritius, Burkina Faso, 
Zambia, Cameroon, Zimbabwe, Tunisia, Benin, Cote d’Ivoire, Uganda, the Republic of Congo (ROC), Angola, Tanzania, Mozambique, Djibouti, Mali, Algeria, Senegal, and Botswana. The full list of 
participants can be downloaded here. 
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