The advocacy group Oceana has released a study claiming that climate change induced acidification of oceans will have the most impact on 10 countries in Asia and Africa. Titled Ocean-Based Food Security Threatened in High CO2 World, the study suggests that the migration of fish species to cooler waters at the poles will negatively affect some island and coastal countries where fish and seafood are a primary protein source.
According to the study, the ocean’s pH has declined by 30 percent since 1800 due to the rising amounts of greenhouse gases that it absorbs each day. Among the countries most affected by ocean acidification are (i) the Maldives, (ii) Togo, (iii) the Comoros Islands, (iv) Iran, (v) Libya, (vi) Singapore, (vii) Kuwait, (viii) Guyana, (ix) Indonesia, and (x) United Arab Emirates. The study recommends reducing carbon dioxide emissions around the world, establishing marine protected areas and reducing overfishing and destructive fishing practices.