On August 10, 2009, at a North American summit in Guadalajara, Mexico, the leaders of the United States, Mexico and Canada issued a joint declaration that committed their three countries to work together on climate change and clean energy issues. In the declaration, U.S. President Barack Obama, Mexican President Felipe Calderon and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper supported reducing global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 50% below 1990 or more recent levels by 2050, as well as having developed countries reduce their emissions 80% below 1990 or more recent levels by the same year. Other commitments include (i) cooperating to implement midand long-term goals to reduce national and North American GHG emissions; (ii) developing comparable approaches to measuring, reporting and verifying emissions reductions; and (iii) collaborating on climate-friendly and low-carbon technology, including a smart grid in North America.

For further information, please see “NAFTA partners eye continental carbon scheme.”