The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) recently announced revised thresholds for the Hart-Scott-Rodino (HSR) Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (HSR Act) and increased penalties for violations of the HSR Act and other laws enforced by the FTC. The FTC also announced the 2009 thresholds for determining whether parties trigger the prohibition against interlocking directors under Section 8 of the Clayton Act.
Notification Threshold Adjustments
Pursuant to the amendments passed by the U.S. Congress in 2000, the FTC published the revised thresholds for HSR pre-merger notifications in the Federal Register on January 13, 2009. These revised thresholds became effective on February 12, 2009. Any transaction completed and any HSR pre-merger notifications filed on or after February 12, 2009, must comply with these new thresholds.
As required, the FTC adjusted the notification thresholds based on the change in the gross national product (GNP) for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008. Most notably, the base filing threshold of $50 million, which frequently determines whether a transaction requires filing of an HSR notification, will increase to $65.2 million following this revision. The changes also will affect other dollar-amount thresholds:
- The alternative statutory size-of-transaction test, which captures all transactions valued above $200 million regardless of the ?size-of-persons,? will be adjusted to $260.7 million.
- The statutory size-of-person thresholds (applicable to transactions now valued at less than $260.7 million)
The adjustments affect parties contemplating HSR notifications in various ways. Parties may be relieved from the obligation to file a notification for transactions closed after February 12, 2009, that fall below the adjusted base threshold. For example, a transaction resulting in the acquiring person holding voting securities or assets valued at less than $65.2 million would not be reportable on or after the effective date. The adjustments will also affect various exemptions under the HSR rules. For example, acquisitions of foreign assets and voting securities of foreign issuers will now be exempt unless they generated U.S. sales in excess of $65.2 million.
Parties may also realize a benefit of lower notification filing fees for transactions that just cross current thresholds. Although filing fees for HSR-reportable transactions will remain unchanged, the applicable filing fee tiers will shift upward as a result of the GNP-indexing adjustments:
- Transactions valued at or in excess of $65.2 million but less than $130.3 million require parties to pay a $45,000 filing fee.
- Transactions valued at or in excess of $130.3 million but less than $651.7 million require parties to pay a $125,000 filing fee.
- Transactions valued at or above $651.7 million require parties to pay a $280,000 filing fee.
Civil Penalty Adjustments
Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, the FTC published revised amounts for certain civil penalties for laws that the agency enforces in the Federal Register on January 9, 2009. The act requires the FTC to review these civil penalties at least once every four years and adjust them when the application of the percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index meets certain threshold levels. Among the revised civil penalties is an increase in penalties for violations under the HSR Act from $11,000 per day to $16,000 per day. Civil penalties for violations of the HSR Act were last adjusted in October 1996. The adjusted civil penalties became effective February 9, 2009.
Interlocking Directorate Thresholds Adjustment
On January 13, 2009, the FTC announced revised thresholds for interlocking directorates, which are effective immediately upon publication in the Federal Register. The FTC revises these thresholds annually based on the change in the level of GNP. Section 8 of the Clayton Act prohibits a person from serving as a director or officer of two competing corporations if certain thresholds are met. The prohibition against interlocking directors applies if each corporation has more than $10 million (as adjusted) in capital, surplus and undivided profits; however, the prohibition does not apply if either corporation has less than $1 million (as adjusted) in competitive sales. Pursuant to the recently revised thresholds, Section 8 of the Clayton Act applies to corporations with more than $26,161,000 in capital, surplus and undivided profits, while it does not apply where either corporation has less than $2,616,100 in competitive sales.
This article was originally published as a McDermott On the Subject