Speaking in advance of the 17th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Japanese Minister of the Environment Goshi Hosono said October 21 that the nation remains opposed to an extension of the Kyoto Protocol and insists that the United States and China join any successor agreement to combat climate change. Japan will urge country representatives to declare respective reduction targets and action plans and to have those pledges measured, reported, and verified by multilateral institutions.