On 25 April 2011, the SPC issued draft regulations titled ‘Relevant Issues Concerning the Application of Law in the Trial of Civil Monopoly Dispute Cases’ (‘Draft Regulation’) to deal with civil actions for breaches of the Anti-Monopoly Law (‘AML’). The Draft Regulation provides that the SPC shall designate various Intermediate People’s Courts, which are located in provincial capitals and other designated cities, as having first instance jurisdiction for civil anti-monopoly disputes. The Draft Regulations consider all civil disputes, including counterclaims, which rely upon the AML, as civil anti-monopoly disputes. Under these Draft Regulations the plaintiff need not wait for a formal finding of violation of the AML before initiating a civil claim and may file his civil claim with the People’s Court as soon as the cause of action arose. The Draft Regulation also provides guidance on collection of evidence and the burden of proof that will apply in such civil actions.