On 1 August 2011, the CAT handed down its judgment on appeals by BT and Everything Everwhere against determinations by the Office of Communications (“Ofcom”) of disputes relating to changes to BT’s termination charges for 080 and 0845/0870. The CAT held that, contrary to Ofcom’s determination, BT’s price changes are fair and reasonable and that BT had the right to introduce the changes. The CAT largely supported the general approach taken by Ofcom, but found that it applied too strict a test when conducting the welfare analysis. Rather than considering whether the introduction of the charges would result in material disadvantage to consumers, Ofcom had applied a test requiring that benefits to consumers be shown. This did not give due account to other legitimate interests, including BT’s contractual rights.