The Supreme Court of the United States announced one decision this morning:
Virginia Office for Protection and Advocacy v. Stewart, No. 09-529: In order to get certain federal funding, states are required to establish a system to protect and advocate for the rights of individuals with developmental disabilities. States may appoint either a state agency or a private nonprofit entity to do this work, and Virginia is one of eight states using a state agency. When that state agency sued other state officials in federal court to obtain records for an investigation it was conducting, the state officials sought to dismiss the suit on Eleventh Amendment grounds, saying that the state was immune from suits in federal court brought by other entities of that same state. The court of appeals agreed and ordered dismissal, but today the Supreme Court reversed, holding that the doctrine of Ex parte Young (which permits a federal court suit against a state official where the suit seeks to do nothing more than order the official to refrain from violating federal law) allows a federal court to hear a lawsuit for prospective relief based on federal law against state officials brought by another agency of the same State.
The Court's decision is available here.