This week we continue our series of articles on the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (CCPA). We’ve been discussing the broad nature of this privacy law and answering some general questions, such as what is it? Who does it apply to? What protections are included for consumers? How does it affect businesses? What rights do consumers have regarding their personal information? What happens if there is a violation? This series is a follow up to our earlier post on the CCPA.
In Part 1 of this series, we discussed the purpose of the CCPA, the types of businesses impacted, and the rights of consumers regarding their personal information. This week we’ll review consumer requests and businesses obligations regarding data collection, the categories and specific pieces of personal information the business has collected, and how the categories of personal information shall be used.
We begin with two questions regarding data collection:
- What notice does a business need to provide to the consumer to tell a consumer what personal information it collects?
- What is a business required to do if that consumer makes a verified request to disclose the categories and specific pieces of personal information the business has collected?
First, the CCPA requires businesses to notify a consumer, at or before the point of collection, as to the categories of personal information to be collected and the purposes for which the categories of personal information shall be used. A business shall not collect additional categories of personal information or use personal information collected for additional purposes without providing the consumer with notice consistent with this section. Cal. Civ. Code §1798.100.
Second, under the CCPA, businesses shall, upon request of the consumer, be required to inform consumers as to the categories of personal information to be collected and the purposes for which the categories of personal information shall be used. The CCPA states that “a business that receives a verifiable consumer request from a consumer to access personal information shall promptly take steps to disclose and deliver, free of charge to the consumer, the personal information required by this section. The information may be delivered by mail or electronically, and if provided electronically, the information shall be in a portable and, to the extent technically feasible, in a readily useable format that allows the consumer to transmit this information to another entity without hindrance. A business may provide personal information to a consumer at any time, but shall not be required to provide personal information to a consumer more than twice in a 12-month period.” Section 1798.100 (d).
Section 1798.130 (a) states that to comply with the law, a business shall, in a form that is reasonably accessible to consumers, (1) make available to consumers two or more designated methods for submitting requests for information required to be disclosed, including, at a minimum, a toll-free telephone number, and if the business maintains an Internet web site, a web dite address; and (2) disclose and deliver the required information to a consumer free of charge within forty-five (45) days of receiving a verifiable request from the consumer.
Many have suggested during the rule-making process that there should be an easy to follow and standardized process for consumers to make their requests so that it’s clear for both consumers and businesses that a consumer has made the verified request. This would be welcome so that it would make this aspect of compliance simpler for the consumer as well as the business.
As we continue to explore the CCPA and its provisions, we strive to understand the law and translate the rights conferred by the law into business operations, processes and practices to ensure compliance with the law. In the coming weeks, we’ll focus on understanding more of these provisions and the challenges they present.