In June 2009, the Italian Senate approved reforms to the civil justice system (Law 18/2009, No. 69), including rules regulating and promoting the use of mediation in civil and commercial disputes. These reforms address issues such as the duties of lawyers to inform clients about the mediation process; the confidentiality of the process; accreditation of mediation organisations; and, perhaps most significantly, a mandatory requirement for the mediator to suggest settlement terms where a mediation does not otherwise produce an agreed settlement. This latter point in particular is understood to be still subject to some debate. The Italian government approved the first of several decrees required to give effect to the reforms on 28 October 2009, when it resolved to introduce mediation into the Italian legal system, and we shall update on the development of the regime in subsequent e-bulletins.