University of California, San Diego, researchers have presented a study at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2014, claiming that working-age men who consumed higher amounts of trans fat “had significantly reduced ability to recall words.” According to a November 18, 2014, press release, the study analyzed dietary data from 1,000 healthy men younger than age 45 and asked them to complete a word memory test.

The results evidently showed that “each additional gram a day of trans fats consumed was associated with an estimated 0.76 fewer words correctly recalled.” Participants who consumed the most trans fat remembered 11 fewer words than adults who ate the least trans fat, a 10 percent reduction in words remembered.

“Trans fats were most strongly linked to worse memory, in young and middle-aged men, during their working and career-building years,” the lead author was quoted as saying. “From a health standpoint, trans fat consumption has been linked to higher body weight, more aggression and heart disease. As I tell patients, while trans fats increase the shelf life of foods, they reduce the shelf life of people.”