On December 29, 2014, IPtronics Inc. and Mellanox Technologies Denmark, APS filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against Avago Technologies, U.S. Inc. and its affiliates for violations of section 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act arising from the filing of a Section 337 complaint on Certain Optoelectronic Devices For Fiber Optic Communications, Inv. No. 337-TA-860, in which IPtronix and Mellanox were named as respondents.  According to the complaint, Avago’s patent infringement claims were objectively baseless when made, and that Avago nevertheless continued to pursue them “despite multiple objective indicia of fundamental deficiencies in those claims.”  IPtronics further alleged that Avago’s primary goal was to “abuse the process and harm competition” because it was “determined to prolong the litigation, no matter how expensive or how futile, as long as it depleted IPtronics’ resources.”  It allegedly did so with “the specific intent of obtaining dominant market position and monopoly power in the relevant product and geographic markets.”  IPtronics is seeking trebled damages and an injunction against Avago.