On February 4, 2016 the Legislative Assembly approved a Special Law against Computer and Related Crimes, which purpose is to protect legal property against criminal behaviors committed through information and communication technologies, and to prevent and punish the crimes committed against stored, processed or transferred data; systems, infrastructure or any of its components, and crimes committed by the use of these technologies that affect interests of identity, propriety, privacy and the image of natural or legal persons in the terms provided by law.

Some of the activities sanctioned by the law are:

  • Access, interception, interference, modification, damage, destruction of informatics systems, programs and informatics data.
  • “Computer espionage”, by means of obtaining confidential and reserved data, contained on a system that uses information and communication technologies. Also, “computer theft” will be sanctioned, being a seizure of personal or patrimonial intangible goods, through information and communication technology systems.
  • The revelation, diffusion and assignment of data or information (total or partial) of personal character without the owner’s consent, being images, videos, text, audio and others, obtained through information and communication technology systems.
  • Harassment through information and communication technologies.
  • Activities in which these technologies are used to commit crimes against children, teenagers and the disabled, such as pornography and harassment.
  • Identity theft or impersonations of manufacturers, suppliers or dealers in order to sell goods and services, especially when it comes to human consumption products such as: medicine, supplements or food and beverages.

The law will come into force 8 days after its publication in the Official Journal.