On May 7, voters in Youngstown, Ohio voted down an amendment to the town’s charter that would have prohibited hydraulic fracturing within city limits. The amendment first garnered 4,000 petition signatures before being placed on the ballot; it was advocated for by Frackfree Mahoning Valley. The amendment did not achieve the 57 percent support needed. Proponents of the amendment cited public health and safety concerns while opponents said the amendment was unenforceable because the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) possesses the authority to permit to regulate the oil and gas industry.