On June 20, 2011, National Credit Union Administration, acting as the liquidating agent for five now-defunct credit unions, filed two separate lawsuits against JP Morgan and Royal Bank of Scotland, and various other depositors and issuers, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas. The NCUA brings claims under Section 11 and 12(a)(2) of the Federal Securities Act as well as under the state securities laws of Kansas, Illinois, Texas and California. NCUA alleges that defendants misrepresented the risks associated with the sale of hundreds of RMBS, including in connection with representations concerning underwriting guidelines, loan-to-value ratios and credit enhancements, which caused the credit unions who bought the RMBS to suffer "unprecedented" losses. The NCUA is seeking $800 million dollars from the defendants. NCUA Compl. vs. JPM. NCUA Compl. vs. RBS.