The EC has initiated an investigation against Amazon in the distribution of electronic books ("e-books"). The EC in particular will investigate certain clauses included in Amazon's contracts with publishers. These clauses require publishers to inform Amazon about more favourable or alternative terms offered to Amazon’s competitors and/or offer Amazon similar terms and conditions than to its competitors, or through other means ensure that Amazon is offered terms at least as good as those for its competitors. Such clauses may make it more difficult for other e-book distributors to compete with Amazon by developing new and innovative products and services. The EC will investigate whether such clauses may limit competition between different e-book distributors and may reduce choice for consumers. prohibit the abuse of a dominant market position and restrictive business practices. The EC will now investigate further whether such clauses may hinder the level playing field and potentially decrease competition between different e-book distributors to the detriment of consumers.