The WTO has established a dispute settlement panel regarding import duties levied against U.S. automobiles sold in China. China imposed these duties late in 2011 on vehicles that it claims the U.S. subsidized and sold at less than fair value or “dumped.” The duties ranged between 2 and 21.5 percent and affect imports of American-made cars and SUVs valued at more than $3 billion. Although the WTO allows members to impose such duties, the U.S. claims that China’s investigation lacks the objectivity and transparency required by the organization’s rules. The U.S. also disputes the finding that its imports have injured China’s automotive industry, which is a required condition for imposition of duties. Earlier this year, the U.S. won a similar dispute against China before the WTO regarding duties imposed against imports of U.S. grain-oriented flat-rolled steel products, as discussed in the November 2012 edition of the Trade & Manufacturing Alert.