The Commission has fined four European North Sea shrimps traders a total of EUR 28 million for operating a cartel. The companies involved in the price fixing cartel were Heiploeg, Klaas Puul, Kok Seafood, all of the Netherlands, and Stührk, of Germany and have an estimated combined market share of approximately 80 % in the European Economic Area (“EEA”). Between June 2000 and January 2009 Heiploeg and Klaas Puul agreed to fix prices and share sales volumes of North Sea shrimps in Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands. Kok Seafood participated at least from February 2005 and Stührk was involved in price fixing in Germany in the period from March 2003 to November 2007. Klaas Puul received full immunity from fines under the Commission's 2006 Leniency Notice, as it was the first to provide information about the cartel. Source: Commission Press Release 27/11/2013