Lawmakers in the states of Georgia and Tennessee joined the video franchise reform movement with the introduction of bills that would shift franchise authority away from local municipalities to the state. Already, nine states have adopted laws mandating a statewide video license or that impose time and other constraints on the processing of video franchise applications by local authorities. Franchise legislation is also pending in the states of Florida, New York, Massachusetts and Missouri, which brings to 15 the number of states that have enacted or that intend to enact franchise reform. Pending legislation in Georgia and Tennessee would transfer local franchise authority to the secretary of state. In both states, time limits would be imposed on the review of franchise applications, at ten days in Tennessee and at 45 days in Georgia. In Tennessee, incumbent cable operators would not be allowed to opt out of existing franchise agreements, although competitive video providers with market shares of less than 40% would be permitted to buy their way out of existing local franchises. Franchise fees would also be capped at 5%, and state franchised operators would not be subject to build-out requirements. Redlining, or the practice of targeting service areas based on affluence, is prohibited. Similar requirements on fees and redlining would also be imposed in Georgia. Unlike Tennessee, however, incumbent franchisees in Georgia would be permitted to opt out of existing local franchise agreements, provided they agree to adhere to local requirements for provisioning and support of public access channels for four years. Meanwhile, efforts to reform the franchise process in Colorado stalled as a committee of the Colorado state legislature voted to “postpone indefinitely” consideration of a bill that would have shifted video franchise authority to the state public utilities commission.