In May 2013, the Suzhou Intermediate People's Court refused to enforce an arbitral award rendered by the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission Shanghai Sub-commission (CIETAC Shanghai), which has changed its name to, inter alia, the Shanghai International Arbitration Centre (SHIAC) following restructuring of CIETAC. The decision adds more uncertainty as to the on-going difference between, on the one hand, SHIAC as well as CIETAC's South China Sub-commission based in Shenzhen (CIETAC Shenzhen), and on the other hand the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission's Headquarters in Beijing (CIETAC Beijing). The decision implicitly confirms that CIETAC Shanghai's declaration of independence in April 2011 was effective, especially after the registration as an independent arbitration institution in December 2011, which was publicly objected by CIETAC Beijing though. The Suzhou Court has suggested SHIAC or SCIA to explain to the parties that an independent arbitration commission has been formed, and allow the parties to decide whether to continue the arbitration or select another arbitration commission for dispute resolution. This