The whole country watched as celebrity chef Paula Deen was roasted over the lawsuit filed by a former general manager of a Deen-affiliated restaurant. Now that the media storm is starting to fade, what lessons can employers and human resources professionals learn from what happened? Keep reading for a recipe to keep you “out of the frying pan” (and the fryer)!
Before getting to the recipe, you need a little background:
In March of 2012, Lisa Jackson, a former general manager of Uncle Bubba's Oyster House, filed a lawsuit against Deen, Deen’s brother (Uncle Bubba), and corporate entities, alleging racial discrimination and sexual harassment. In pursuing her claims, the former employee made numerous allegations of racial comments made by Deen and Deen’s brother, as well as allegations of racially discriminatory treatment against black employees and sexual harassment against Jackson by Deen’s brother.
In May of 2013, over a year after the lawsuit was filed, Deen gave deposition testimony. During the course of her deposition, Deen was asked if she had ever used the "N word." Deen responded: "Yes, of course."
After Deen's deposition testimony became public the next month, there was sensational media coverage of Deen’s admission. As a result, she lost lucrative endorsements and her Food Network TV show.
The Lawsuit Gets Chopped Up
On August 12, 2013, the judge dismissed Jackson's racial discrimination claim against Deen and the other defendants. As noted above, the lawsuit made allegations of racially discriminatory treatment against black employees; the plaintiff (Jackson) is white.
Deen and the other defendants argued that the racial discrimination claims should be dismissed because Jackson, as a white former employee, was not alleging that she was injured by any alleged racial discrimination. Instead, Jackson was claiming that there was racial discrimination against other employees – specifically, black employees. The defendants argued that Jackson did not have standing to pursue the racial discrimination claim because she was not claiming any injury to herself.
The judge agreed and dismissed the racial discrimination claim. In dismissing, the judge stated "[a]t best, Plaintiff is an accidental victim of the alleged racial discrimination" and that Jackson did not suffer discrimination because of her race.
Less than two weeks after the racial-discrimination claim was dismissed, the parties filed a joint motion to dismiss the entire lawsuit with prejudice (meaning that the claims cannot be filed again). While no terms of a settlement agreement have been released or confirmed, it appears likely that a settlement was reached.
Following the dismissal of the entire lawsuit, Jackson released the following statement:
I assumed that all of my complaints about the workplace environment were getting to Paula Deen, but I learned during this matter that this was not the case. The Paula Deen I have known for more than eight years is a woman of compassion and kindness and will never tolerate discrimination or racism of any kind toward anyone.
Stay Out Of The Frying Pan
The racial-discrimination claims were dismissed, and ultimately so was the entire lawsuit. There was never any finding of liability against Deen. In terms of the litigation, Deen technically did not "lose."
But in reality, Deen lost a lot: a TV show, a book deal, and several lucrative endorsements. She also endured a trying time that almost certainly cost her a lot of time, money, and energy that could have been used more productively.
Even if an employer does not "lose" in litigation, there are costs. And it's imperative that employers and human resources professionals put in the work on the front end that will minimize litigation risks. That starts with making sure your complaint-handling procedure is effective.
In her release following the dismissal of the lawsuit, the ex-employee commented about how she "assumed that all of [her] complaints about the workplace environment were getting to Paula Deen," but how she "learned during this matter that this was not the case." Employers should have complaint procedures ensuring that all complaints of discrimination or harassment are taken seriously and investigated. While not every complaint is going to (or even should) make it to the highest levels of management, it is important that employees understand the complaint procedure and know that their complaint will be taken seriously and thoroughly investigated.
A good investigation might help alleviate an employee’s concerns, even if the underlying complaint is determined to be meritless. Without doubt, a properly conducted investigation is needed for defense, if litigation does ultimately result.
And remember that the lawsuit was first filed against Deen and the other defendants in March of 2012. More than a year passed with little public attention to the lawsuit. (See "Oh Brother Make It Stop," by C.R. Wright in the June 2012 issue of Hospitality Update).
It was only after Deen’s deposition testimony went public that the damage for Deen really started. Sometimes it is not the claim or the lawsuit that causes you the biggest problem. Yet another reason to have the culture, policies, procedures, and practices in place that will minimize litigation risks.
Our No-Fry Recipe
Now that you have some background about the Deen lawsuit, commit to trying this recipe to keep you and your company out of the frying pan (and the fryer):
- One workplace culture encouraging positive workplace behavior and conduct that is in accordance with the law
- One good hiring decision - for every person hired to work in the organization (this will be a lot – one good decision for every hire)
- Excellent policies prohibiting discrimination and harassment (to the taste of governing law)
- One orientation for every employee clearly communicating what the employer expects and what the policies require (again – this is a lot – one for every employee)
- Ongoing training to educate employees and supervisors about avoidance of discrimination and harassment (to the taste of governing law)
- At least one viable reporting mechanism for all complaints of discrimination and/or harassment (that actually works)
- Thorough and objective investigations of all complaints of discrimination and/or harassment (as needed)Above yields good disciplinary decisions that are consistent and in accordance with the law but the ingredients need constant focus and refinement.
Additional steps for avoiding the frying pan with no-fry recipe
- Examine your company's mission and culture; peel off anything that could encourage discrimination or harassment. (Do not set aside – discard).
- Add good hiring practices and make sure every employee is educated about policies and procedures prohibiting discrimination and harassment at orientation.
- Mix in ongoing training for all employees. Make sure all employees know about viable complaint mechanisms.
- Soak all complaints of discrimination and harassment in a thorough and objective investigation, and use the yield to make consistent, lawful decisions.
- Never stop combining all ingredients.
- Use this recipe on a daily basis and consult legal counsel about any questions that arise.