On June 9, the Colorado governor signed HB 1285, which prohibits hospitals from taking certain debt collection actions against a patient if the hospital is not in compliance with hospital price transparency laws. Specifically, the bill prohibits hospitals that are not in compliance with a price transparency rule that went into effect in January 2021 from placing debts with third-party collection agencies, filing lawsuits to collect on unpaid debts, and reporting debts to credit reporting agencies. The bill also establishes that a patient may file suit if they believe that a hospital was not in material compliance with price transparency laws.