The directive relating to attacks against information systems was enacted by the European Parliament and Council of the European Union on 12 August 2013 and published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 14 August 2013. In order to facilitate the prevention of these offences and to improve the cooperation of competent authorities of the Member States, this new directive sets min mum standards for the definition of the criminal offences and sanctions to be applied to attacks against information systems.