On 16 July 2008 the European Commission adopted a decision finding that 24 performing right collecting societies had infringed the competition rules on restrictive business practices. Authors and composers entrust collecting societies to manage rights in their musical works. This management includes the granting of licences to music users. The Commission has found certain aspects of the representation contracts the collecting societies agree with each other to be anti-competitive. These include a restriction on authors moving between collecting societies and a so-called concerted practice to maintain the representation contracts on a territorial basis for internet, satellite and cable exploitation. The Commission has not imposed any fines on the parties, who have yet to announce whether they will appeal the decision.