Although U.S. citizens do not require a visa to travel to Europe on business, many foreign national employees will require a visa to do so, including citizens of India and China. Many are eligible for a Schengen visa, which has made traveling between the 15 member Schengen countries much easier. A Schengen visa holder can travel to any (or all) member countries using one single visa, thus avoiding the time and expense of obtaining individual visas for each country. The purpose of the visit must be leisure, tourism or business—employment is not permitted on a Schengen visa. A Schengen visa allows the holder to travel freely within the Schengen countries for a maximum stay of up to 90 days in a 6-month period. Schengen countries include: Austria, Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxemburg, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and The Netherlands. Please note that applications for Schengen visas must be applied for prior to departure from the U.S. Applications may take up to three weeks to be approved, so please contact your Vedder Price attorney as soon as the business trip is planned.