In January 1998, the European Commission (Commission) found six European steel companies had acted in a manner to restrict competition regarding the calculation of an alloy surcharge applying to stainless steel. The infringement was based on Article 65 of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty. The Commission fined ThyssenKrupp Stainless AG (TKS) of Germany for its contribution to the cartel behaviour. However, the ECSC expired in 2002. In 2006, the Commission re-adopted its 1998 decision, following a series of hearings, imposing a fine of €3,168,000 on TKS. TKS appealed to the Court of First Instance (CFI) on 1 July 2009 (Case T-24/07) who dismissed the appeal in its entirety. Although the ECSC had expired, the actual infringement was committed when it was still in effect. Although there are differences between Article 65 ECSC and Article 81 EC Treaty, to ensure continuity of EU law, the CFI held that the two provisions are entitled to be interpreted in a consistent manner.