In a second ruling that affects the cable industry, the FCC, by a vote of 3-2, adopted a Report and Order on Tuesday that reduces the fees that cable operators may charge independent commercial programmers for leased access channels. Noting that Congress enacted leased access laws in 1984 to “promote competition in the delivery of diverse sources of video programming and bring about the widest possible diversity of information sources for cable providers,” the agency said it adopted the rules at the behest of small programmers who had complained to the FCC about leased access rates and the speed with which cable operators respond to requests for information about leased access channels. The FCC stated that, in addition to capping leased access rates at 10-cents per subscriber per month, the rules facilitate “the use of leased access channels by adopting more specific leased access customer service standards and increased enforcement of those standards” as well as “faster cable operator response times to information requests.” According to the FCC the order also “expedites the leased access complaint process and improves the discovery process related to leased access disputes.” Although FCC Chairman Kevin Martin predicted that the rules will “make it easier for independent programmers to reach local audiences,” both of Martin’s Republican colleagues—Commissioners Deborah Tate and Robert McDowell— dissented from the order on grounds that public comment had not been sought on the rate formula adopted by the majority. Noting that “Congress also required that cable systems put aside public, educational and governmental access channels for free,” McDowell further asserted that “Congress . . . did not intend that cable operators subsidize commercial leased access users.”