Export controls

General controls

What general controls are imposed on exports?

As a general rule, most exports are not subject to taxes, duties or restrictions. Nevertheless, exporters must enrol before the Federal Register of Taxpayers; enrol in the sectoral exporters registry for certain goods; comply with non-tariff restrictions and regulations when applicable; and file an export entry before customs, declaring the customs value and identification of the goods.

Additionally, specific goods may be subject to permits or controls based on their tariff classification or on their nature and use.

Government authorities

Which authorities handle the controls?

The authorities that handle export controls in Mexico are the Ministry of Economy and the SHCP.

Depending on the tariff classification, some other authorities may participate in export controls, granting licences or prior permits.

Special controls

Are separate controls imposed on specific products? Is a licence required to export such products? Give details.

Yes. There are certain vulnerable goods for which specific permits or requirements must be fulfilled before export (eg, dual goods and dangerous substances).

Regarding the export of alcoholic beverages, cigarettes, tobacco, energising beverages, some minerals (such as silver and gold), among others, annex 10 of the General Rules of Foreign Trade establishes a register before the sectoral export registry.

Supply chain security

Has your jurisdiction implemented the WCO’s SAFE Framework of Standards? Does it have an AEO programme or similar?

Yes. On 5 June 2005, Mexico signed a letter of intent to implement the WCO’s SAFE Framework Standards, and since then it has certified several companies that meet the established requirements and signed mutual recognition agreements.

In Mexico, the SAT implements the authorised economic operator certification programme (AEO), which seeks to strengthen the security of the foreign trade logistics chain through the implementation of internationally recognised minimum-security standards in coordination with the private sector.

Applicable countries

Where is information on countries subject to export controls listed?

Countries subject to export controls are listed in the ‘Agreement that modifies the diverse by which measures are established to restrict the export or import of various goods to the countries, entities and persons indicated’ http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5509634&fecha=28/12/2017 and http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5526421&fecha=14/06/2018.

This agreement is issued in compliance with article 24 of the United Nations Charter (UN Charter), regarding the primary responsibility of any member to maintain international peace and security.

Named persons and institutions

Does your jurisdiction have a scheme restricting or banning exports to named persons and institutions abroad? Give details.

No. However, as question 25 states, Mexico restricts the export of certain goods to certain countries in compliance with the UN Charter.

Penalties

What are the possible penalties for violation of export controls?

The possible penalties related to the violation of export controls are the imposition of fines; suspension or cancellation of the exporter’s registers; suspension or cancellation of the customs agent’s patent; seizure of the goods; and in some cases, criminal penalties.