Poland’s parliament is considering amendments to its Geological and Mining Law that will change its hydrocarbon licensing regime. Submitted for consideration by the Polish Government in April 2014, the Hydrocarbons Act (the “Act”) and Hydrocarbons Tax Act will change the regulatory landscape governing both conventional and nonconventional hydrocarbon production.

The Act introduces changes in the licensing system for prospecting, exploration, and extraction. Under the current system, companies must acquire separate exploration and extraction licenses, each of which could be granted for a period of 3 to 50 years. Under the Act, however, there will be a unified licensing system. Single licenses will be granted for prospecting, exploration, and extraction, and they will be issued for a defined period of time (10 to 30 years).

Prospecting and exploration activities will have a maximum time limit of 5 years. This period may be extended a single time for a period not longer than 1 year. Production may commence with approval of the Ministry of the Environment. Before granting approval, the Ministry must assess a play’s geological, environmental, and investment data. Among other things, the Ministry will determine the approved production methods, the borders of the mining area and the time schedule for commencing the production. Production activities may be extended as necessary to complete production, but for no longer than 5 years.

The Polish Government wants the Hydrocarbons Act to be approved and functional by the beginning of 2015, and expects hydrocarbon taxes to be due and payable starting in 2020. Whether these estimates are accurate remains to be unclear.