In recent years, the workload of the Court of Appeal has increased considerably resulting in a backlog of cases waiting to be heard: the current waiting time is reported to be up to 19 months for full appeals.

In October 2016, Part 52 of the CPR was restructured following years of piecemeal amendment. The key changes are:

  • a move to the review of decisions on applications made during Court of Appeal proceedings being dealt with on paper without an oral hearing;
  • the removal of the automatic right to renew by way of an oral hearing an application for permission to appeal which has already been rejected on paper; and
  • the express inclusion of a requirement for a real prospect of success in the test for permission on second appeals.