Effective September 30, 2017, California will require a clear and reasonable warning on products containing furfuryl alcohol (CAS No. 98-00-0) providing notice to people the chemical is known to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity. The requirement is part of California’s Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, or Prop 65, which requires products containing chemicals on the Prop. 65 List to be labeled with warnings of exposures.
Furfuryl alcohol is a primary alcohol and is colorless or pale yellow in appearance. It is used in the manufacture of resins and as a wetting agent and solvent for coating resins, nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate, and other soluble dyes. Furfuryl alcohol is also commonly found in thermally processed foods such as coffee, fruit juices, baked goods, caskstored alcoholic beverages, and flavoring agents.
California’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (“OEHHA”) added furfuryl alcohol to the list of chemicals known to cause cancer one year prior on September 30, 2016. Furfuryl alcohol was added to the list based on formal identification by the US Environmental Protection Agency (“US EPA”) that the chemical causes cancer. OCTOBER 2017 Under Title 27, Cal. Code of Regulations, section 25306, a chemical has been “formally identified” as causing cancer by an authoritative body if: (1) the chemical has been included in a list of chemicals causing cancer published by the authoritative body; is the subject of a report which is published by the authoritative body and which concludes that the chemical causes cancer; or has been “otherwise identified” as causing cancer by the authoritative body in a document that indicates that the identification is a final action; and (2) if the list, report, or document meets specified criteria in Section 25306(d)(2). The OEHHA reviewed the data and conclusions in the US EPA 2014 report entitled Cancer Assessment Document, Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Potential of Furfural and Furfuryl Alcohol and determined that the conclusions and statements satisfy the Section 25306 requirement.
The complete chemical list is available on the OEHHA website at: https://oehha.ca.gov/proposition- 65/proposition-65-list