海关总署发布《关于跨境贸易电子商务进出境货物、物品有关监管事宜的公告》 (23/07/2014)

On July 23, 2014, the General Administration of Customs (Customs) released  its Announcement on Matters Concerning the Supervision and Administration of Imported and Exported Goods and Articles via Cross-Border E-commerce (Announcement of the General Administration of Customs [2014] No.56) (the Announcement), which became effective August 1, 2014.

The Announcement places under the supervision of Customs e-commerce enterprises and individuals that conduct cross-border trading of imported and exported goods and articles (the E-Commerce Goods and Articles) via Customs-recognized e-commerce platforms that are connected to the Customs' network. The Announcement also requires operators within the Customs’ supervision areas (the Customs Control Areas) that store E-Commerce Goods and Articles to file their e-commerce business with Customs and accept the supervision of Customs.

According to the Announcement, the e-commerce enterprises and individuals, payment enterprises, operators in the Customs Control Areas, and logistics enterprises should timely transmit the transaction, payment, warehousing and logistics data to the e-commerce clearance administration platform via the e- commerce clearance service platform.

Customs will conduct clearance administration and logistical control of the E-Commerce Goods and Articles.

E-Commerce Clearance Administration

Key components of the clearance administration regarding E-Commerce Goods and Articles under the Announcement include the following:

  • Prior to declaring the E-Commerce Goods and Articles, the e-commerce enterprises and individuals, payment enterprises, and logistics enterprises are required to submit to Customs information relating to the purchase orders, payment and logistics.
  • Within 14 days after the E-Commerce Goods to be imported cross the border, or 24 hours before the E-Commerce Goods to be exported are loaded after arriving at the Customs Control Areas, the e- commerce enterprises (or their agents) should fill out the "Clearance Form of Goods" and handle the Customs’ clearance procedures. With respect to E-Commerce Articles, the e-commerce individuals (or their agents) should fill out the "Clearance Form of Articles" and handle Customs’ clearance procedures. Generally, the "Clearance Form of Goods" and "Clearance Form of Articles" should be declared through the paperless platform.
  • On a monthly basis, the e-commerce enterprises (or their agents) should summarize their "Clearance Forms of Goods" from the preceding month on the "Declaration Form for Imported and Exported Goods" and submit such form to Customs for declaration.

E-Commerce Logistics Control

The Announcement provides that the inspections of E-Commerce Goods and Articles are to be conducted in the Customs Control Areas. In addition, the operators in the Customs Control Areas should manage the E-Commerce Goods and Articles through the e-warehousing management system that such operators have established and submit on a monthly basis information relating to the E-Commerce Goods and Articles entering or exiting the Customs Control Areas in the preceding month to Customs.

  • Announcement on Matters Concerning the Supervision and Administration of Imported and Exported Goods and Articles via Cross-border E-commerce
  • 《关于跨境贸易电子商务进出境货物、物品有关监管事宜的公告》
  • Issuing Authority: the General Administration of Customs
  • Date of Issuance: July 23, 2014 / Effective Date: August 1, 2014