On October 20, the American Council for an Energy-Efficiency Economy released The 2011 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard concluding that state spending on electricity energy efficiency programs totaled $4.5 billion in 2010, up $1.1 billion from last year. When combined with natural gas efficiency program spending, the number rises to almost $5.5 billion, indicating how seriously states take the issue in the absence of Congressional action. Twenty four states have adopted standards for energy efficiency requiring a reduction in energy consumption by utilities, and 29 states have, or are close to having, more progressive energy building codes.