Taiwan Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, interpreted via a letter on March 14, 2014 that apparel and accessories products of mere utilitarian objectives, such as leather bags, leather goods, garments, etc., or industrial products which are mass-produced by modules or machines, do not fall within the definition of article under the Copyright Act, and therefore the designs thereof are not protected by the Copyright Act. However, pictorial drawing or patterns on apparel or accessories, such as graphics, lines, check design, strip, etc., may constitute works of art and receive protection under the Copyright Act if they meet the originality element.