On 2 June, the US and the EU signed an umbrella agreement which will implement a framework of data protection cooperation for criminal law enforcement. The agreement, which is not yet in force, will cover the exchange of all personal data between police and criminal justice agencies in all EU member states and in the US, providing that it is used in the process of preventing, investigating, detecting and prosecuting criminal offences. Certain safeguards are implemented in the agreement to ensure the lawfulness of data transfers. These include limitation of data use and an obligation to obtain prior consent before forwarding the data in question. Additional procedural steps are necessary before the Umbrella Agreement can be finalised. The European Council will need to obtain consent from the European Parliament before adopting a decision on the agreement itself.