On October 3, 2007 the Commission imposed fines totaling €183.651 million on BP, Repsol, Cepsa, Nynäs and Galp for their roles in a price fixing cartel for the supply of bitumen in Spain. The Commission alleged that from 1991 to 2002, cartel members agreed on market quotas, allocated sales volumes, prices and customers, and monitored members’ compliance with the scheme by exchanging sensitive market information. The amounts of fines were established on the basis of the size of Spain’s bitumen market. Cartel members Repsol and Cepsa were accorded fines reduced by 40 percent and 35 percent respectively for their cooperation with the Commission under the leniency program. Their fines were increased by 30 percent, however, due to their leadership roles within the cartel.
On October 29, 2007 the Commission imposed fines totaling €314.7 million on producers of copper fittings used to connect water, air and gas piping. Eleven groups including Aalberts, IMI, Delta, Advanced Fluid Connections, Legris, Frabo, Mueller, Tomkins, Flowflex, Viegener and Sanha Kaimer, are alleged to have participated in the cartel. According to the Commission’s findings, between 1998 and 2004, parties agreed on prices, discounts and mechanisms to coordinate price increases, and exchanged confidential business information. Mueller was awarded full immunity from fines under the Commission’s leniency program; fines to IMI, Delta and Frabo were reduced by 50 percent, 20 percent and 20 percent respectively for their cooperation during the investigation. The Commission increased the fine to Aalberts by 60 percent for having pursued the cartel after the initiation of the Commission investigation, and increased Advanced Fluid Connections’ fine by 50 percent for having provided the Commission with misleading evidence during the investigation.