On November 20, 2009 Mexico’s Federal Competition Commission (CFC) concluded that Grupo Televisa S.A. de C.V. – Mexico’s largest television network – violated the federal competition law by denying retransmission of its television signals to its competitor, Tele Cable Occidente. Under the competition law, a refusal to deal by a company with substantial market power constitutes a “relative monopolistic practice.” Grupo Televisa was fined US$3.7 million, the largest penalty ever imposed by the CFC on a media company.