During the U.N. Climate Change Conference’s meeting in Bonn last week – the final meeting prior to the annual Conference of Parties, representatives of Japan and Russia announced that their countries will not sign on to a second compliance period for reducing greenhouse gas emissions after the Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012. Negotiators for Canada expressed that the country is also not likely to sign. Additionally, the talks failed to yield consensus on ways in which countries whose economies are hurt by international climate change policies might be compensated. The talks were suspended, rather than adjourned, so that a set of meetings could be added in September or October before the year-end climate summit in South Africa.