On September 5, 2008 the Government of Canada registered the new PCB Regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA). The description of the Regulation given in the Regulatory Impact Statement is as follows:

The PCB Regulations set specific deadlines for ending the use of PCBs in concentrations at or above 50mg/kg, eliminating all PCBs and equipment containing PCBs currently in storage and limiting the period of time PCBs can be stored before being destroyed. These requirements, together with the more stringent release limits, will further reduce releases of PCBs into the environment. The labeling and reporting requirements for PCBs provide the necessary information to monitor progress towards end-of-use targets. The Regulations also establish sound practices for the better management of the remaining PCBs in use (i.e. those with content of less than 50mg/kg), until their eventual elimination, to prevent contamination of dielectric fluids and dispersion of PCBs in small quantities into other liquids.

It is expected that the deadlines for ending the use and storage of PCBs will result in the removal of 90% of the PCBs still in use and 100% of the PCBs currently in storage by the end of 2009. The remaining PCBs, comprising equipment in use containing low level concentrations of PCBs (i.e. less than 500 mg/kg) will be eliminated by 2025.

The Regulations establish a prohibition on the release, manufacture, process, import, export, sale, offer for sale and use of PCBs and products that contain a certain concentration of PCBs. They outline certain exceptions and timelines for exceptions to these prohibitions. The PCB Regulation also sets out storage requirements for PCBs and PCB-containing products and mandates the removal from storage by specified dates. All PCBs in concentration of 500 mg/kg or more must be removed by December 31, 2009. It also establishes: a prohibition for releases into the environment in quantities above prescribed limits, as well as labeling, record keeping and reporting requirements for concentrations of 50mg/kg or more that may continue to be used, processed or stored.

For more information please see http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partII/2008/20080917/pdf/g2-14219.pdf - page 198