The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy have decided to apply a more strict definition of permitted business visitor activities.  The current law states that foreign nationals can make short visits to Italy:  

1. to make contacts or conduct negotiations; 

2. for learning purposes; or 

3. to verify the use and functioning of capital goods purchased or sold under commercial and industrial cooperation agreements 

Previously, the Ministry of Foreign affairs in Italy adopted a more relaxed approach to approving business visitor visas that did not specifically fall within the above mentioned business-related activities.  Anecdotal evidence now suggests that the above list is being applied more stringently and only those that fall within the defined business purposes are being granted visas.