The Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill has now received Royal Assent and the majority of its provisions are already in force. The Bill was introduced as an emergency measure in response to a recent European Court ruling which invalidated the Data Retention Directive. There has been uncertainty across Europe as to whether the effect of this ruling was also to invalidate national member state legislation implementing the Directive. The new Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act 2014 is intended to fill the gap in the event that the UK’s implementing legislation is indeed invalid. The Act will remain in force until 31 December 2016.