The Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC) fined two manufacturers of air conditioning systems, Narasaki Sangyo and Hokkaido Hitachi, JPY 16.55 million (approximately ZAR 1.6 million) for bid rigging. The JFTC found that the two companies and Mitsubishi Electric Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Systems substantially restrained competition in the field of the low temperature air conditioning system works ordered by the agricultural cooperatives in Hokkaido prefecture by designating successful bidders.