Employee privacy and employer due process concerns were the focal point of Wednesday’s House Committee hearing on the National Labor Relations Board’s proposed expedited election rule. Last month, the Board re-issued an expansive proposal that would dramatically alter how union elections are conducted.
Opening the hearing, House Committee on Education and the Workforce Chairman John Kline (R-MN) said the event “evokes a sense of déjà vu,” as the Board’s reintroduced proposal is substantively similar to that introduced in June 2011. Kline said the “deeply misguided” rule stifles an employer’s free speech, jeopardizes employee privacy, and gives an employer only seven days to find legal counsel, appear before a regional officer for a pre-election hearing, and identify every possible legal concern or forever forfeit the right to raise them at a later date. According to Kline, “it’s been almost three years . . . and the rule is just as bad now as it was then.”
The Chairman noted further that instead of addressing the more than 65,000 comments submitted in response to the June 2011 proposal or attempting to enact changes through the legislative process, the Board is using “Executive fiat” to implement significant rule changes.
The majority of hearing witnesses agreed. Steve Browne, testifying on behalf of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), said that if adopted, the rule “would cripple an employee’s opportunity to learn the employer’s perspective” during an election campaign. He termed the proposal “a solution in search of a problem,” as most elections are currently held within 38 days, he testified. Browne also found the amount of personal information that an employer would have to provide under the rule “disconcerting” and an invasion of employees’ privacy, and would impose an administrative burden on employers, as such information would need to be provided within two business days of the filing of the petition.
William Messenger, an attorney with the National Right to Work Legal Foundation, echoed this sentiment. He claimed that on average, elections are held within 31 days, and that 38 days represents the median time between the filing of a petition an the representation election itself.
Messenger similarly testified that the rule has many flaws, but one of biggest issues for him is that it “contemplates a serious invasion of employees’ personal privacy.” He said the information that an employer would need to provide the union, such as home and email addresses, home phone numbers, and employee schedules is “ripe for abuse,” both deliberate and unintentional. No provision in the proposal would require the union to give the information back to the NLRB, he testified. The availability of this information could be used to harass the employee, facilitate property crime – as the work schedules would indicate when the employee is not at home – and could lead to identity theft. According to Messenger, the rule provides no safeguards or other ways to police this personal information, nor does it allow the employee to opt out.
Another panelist mentioned during the question and answer period that if an employer does not provide this Excelsior list information on time, the election results could be overturned.
During questioning, Messenger noted also that the fact that the Board re-issued the same rule is evidence it did not take into consideration the more than 60,000 comments issued after the first proposal was issued. Another witness said the re-issuance of nearly the same rule despite the tens of thousands of public comments does a disservice to the administrative process.
Several panelists testified that most small employers do not have a labor lawyer at the ready, and that finding outside counsel, having them quickly learn about the employer’s operations, and file a comprehensive statement of position within seven days is a herculean task, and is “short-circuited by the proposed rule.”
Finally, one witness explained the re-proposed rule “fails to take into account watershed changes” to labor law. Specifically, the Board’s Specialty Healthcare decision issued in 2011 radically changes how bargaining units are determined, and allows for the creation of “micro” units. According to one witness, the Board’s General Counsel has said he would provide guidance on bargaining unit determination in light of Specialty Healthcare, and the Board is expected to issue additional decisions on unit determination. Therefore, the contours of the new unit determination doctrine remain far from clear, the witness testified, further complicating the implications of the proposed rule.
For example, under current law, bargaining unit determinations are made prior to the election, as are determinations regarding who is and who is not considered a “supervisor” ineligible to vote in the election. The proposal would defer these decisions until after the election. Therefore, clarity is needed on the parameters of the Specialty Healthcare decision before a new rule can be finalized. To this end, she testified, it is “essential” that the Board extend the proposed rule’s comment period until the additional guidance is provided.
A complete list of panelists and links to their testimony can be found here.
On March 24, 2014, Littler’s Workplace Policy Institute will conduct a complimentary webinar on the NLRB ambush election rule and its practical impact on employers. Click here for more information.