On 25 January 2007, the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) confirmed the existence of an illegal market-sharing cartel and handed down a combined judgment dismissing the appeals of Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd, Nippon Steel Corpo, Dalmine SpA and Salzgitter Mannesmann GmbH (C-403/04 P, C-405/04 P, C-407/04 and C-411/04 P). The ECJ upheld the European Commission’s (“Commission”) approach regarding calculations of fines. The Commission’s 1999 decision found that during 1990-1995 the main producers of seamless steel tubes set up a cartel according to which each cartel member colluded not to sell steel tubes on the domestic market of any other party to the agreement.