On 4 November 2008, the European Commission (Commission) published a draft Communication setting out the basis upon which it would assess public funding for broadcasting. It is estimated that the public service broadcasters derive over €22bn a year from licence fees and/or grants. The past few years have witnessed a number of complaints by private broadcasters regarding the impact on competition of this aid. The new rules represent the Commission's reflections on some of the issues raised, particularly on issues such as overcompensation and cross subsidisation of commercial activity and supervision of public service activities. Also under discussion is the question of assistance to meet the challenges of a rapidly changing media environment. Stakeholders and Member State Governments have until 15 January 2009 to comment on the proposals.