In June 2008, following heated debate, a new surveillance law (the FRA law) was passed by the Swedish parliament to take effect on 1 January 2009. This surveillance law, which forms part of a legislative package to reform defence intelligence, gives the National Defence Radio Establishment (FRA) the right to intercept Internet traffic crossing Swedish borders. The law has been criticised by many, including the Swedish Bar and major IT and telecom companies. A complaint has also been filed with the European Court of Human Rights for violations of Articles 8 and 13 of the Convention on Human Rights, invoking, among other things, the recent judgment by the Court in Liberty and others v United Kingdom. On 25 September 2008 the Government proposed certain amendments to the law to strengthen the procedural safeguards and the protection of privacy.