The Biotechnology Industry Organization announced last week that seven commercial scale cellulosic ethanol refineries with a combined annual capacity of almost 88 million gallons are scheduled to begin operation by the end of 2013. The projects would be the first commercial scale production facilities in operation, as the industry is rapidly moving toward commercializing ethanol from corn stover, wood chips, wheat straw, switchgrass, citrus peels, and municipal solid waste. INEOS Bio’s Indian River BioEnergy Center was the first facility to receive the necessary Environmental Protection Administration registration in August. The company completed construction in June, and expects to begin commercial scale production this year, producing 8 million gallons in 2013.